United Kingdom Administration

United Kingdom Administration

The administrative structure in Great Britain and Northern Ireland is multilevel below the level of central government. Certain functions have been delegated from the British Parliament to the Regional Parliaments of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. In Scotland and Wales these were elected on the basis of the 1997 referendums in 1999; Northern Ireland’s regional parliament was constituted in mid-1998, but the formation of a government was delayed until the end of 1999. England does not have a separate parliament; the administrative regionalization carried out there in 1994 (integrated Government Offices for the Regions, since 1999/2000 also Regional Development Agencies in 9 English regions, including London) serves regional economic development and renewal.

According to thedressexplorer, major local government reforms took place in England and Wales in 1974 and in Scotland in 1975. This created two municipal levels in England and Wales  - a total of 53 counties and 369 smaller districts. While the county councils were given responsibility for transport, planning, education, consumer protection, waste disposal, fire prevention, and so on, the counties were given, among other things. responsibility for housing and most local planning decisions, as well as garbage collection. For Greater London, the subdivision into 32 boroughs, introduced in 1965, existed – supplemented by the historic city districts of City of London and The Temples. In England were next to London Six Metropolitan Counties, divided into 36 Metropolitan Districts / Boroughs, introduced. The former General Council of London was dissolved together with the other councils of the Metropolitan Counties on April 1, 1986; most of their functions have been delegated to the London Boroughs and Metropolitan District Councils. – Scotland and Northern Ireland had their own comparable administrative systems. In Northern Ireland, the number of districts was reduced from 26 (as of 1973) to eleven in 2015.

Administrative division in Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Administrative division (2015)
Administrative unit Administrative headquarters Area(in km 2) Population(in 1,000) Residents(per km 2)
England London 130 278 54 786.3 420
Greater London 1) 1 572 8,673.7 5 517
Inner London 318 3 140.5 9 876
Outer London 1 254 5,533.2 4 412
North East Newcastle upon Tyne 8 592 2,624.6 305
Unitary Authorities
County Durham Durham 2 226 519.7 234
Darlington Darlington 197 105.4 534
Hartlepool Hartlepool 94 92.5 985
Middlesbrough Middlesbrough 54 139.5 2,590
Northumberland Morpeth 5 013 315.3 63
Redcar and Cleveland Redcar 245 135.3 552
Stockton-on-Teas Stockton-on-Teas 204 194.8 955
Metropolitan County 2)
Tyne and Wear 3) 540 1 122.2 2,078
North West Manchester 14 115 7 173.8 508
Unitary Authorities
Blackburn with Darwen Blackburn 137 146.8 1 072
Blackpool Blackpool 35 139.6 4 002
Cheshire East Sandbach 1 166 375.4 322
Cheshire West and Chester Chester 917 333.9 364
Halton Widnes 79 126.5 1 600
Warrington Warrington 181 207.7 1 150
Metropolitan Counties
Greater Manchester 4) 1 276 2,756.2 2 160
Merseyside 5) 645 1,398.0 2 168
Counties
Cumbria Carlisle 6 767 498.0 74
Lancashire Preston 2 903 1,191.7 410
Yorkshire and the Humber Leeds 15 420 5,390.6 350
Unitary Authorities
East Riding of Yorkshire Beverley 2 408 336.7 140
Kingston upon Hull Kingston upon Hull 74 287.0 3 898
North East Lincolnshire Grimsby 192 159.6 832
North Lincolnshire Scunthorpe 846 169.8 201
York York 272 206.9 761
Metropolitan Counties
South Yorkshire 5) 1 552 1,374.7 886
West Yorkshire 6) 2 029 2,281.7 1 124
county
North Yorkshire Northallerton 8 038 602.3 75
East Midlands Nottingham 15 607 4,677.0 300
Unitary Authorities
Derby Derby 78 254.3 3 258
Leicester Leicester 73 342.6 4 673
Nottingham Nottingham 75 318.9 4,274
Rutland Oakham 382 38.0 100
Counties
Derbyshire Matlock 2,547 782.4 307
Leicestershire Leicester 2,083 675.3 324
Lincolnshire Lincoln 5 921 736.7 124
Northamptonshire Northampton 2,364 723.0 306
Nottinghamshire West Bridgford 2,085 805.8 386
West Midlands Birmingham 12 998 5,751.0 442
Unitary Authorities
Herefordshire, County of Hereford 2 180 188.1 86
Shropshire Shrewsbury 3 197 311.4 97
Stoke-on-Trent Stoke-on-Trent 93 251.6 2,693
Telford and Wrekin Telford 290 171.2 590
Metropolitan county
West Midlands 7) 902 2,833.6 3 143
Counties
Staffordshire Stafford 2 620 862.6 329
Warwickshire Warwick 1,975 554.0 280
Worcestershire Worcester 1 741 578.6 332
East Cambridge 19 102 6 076.5 318
Unitary Authorities
Bedford Bedford 476 166.3 349
Central Bedfordshire Chicksands 716 274.0 383
Luton Luton 43 214.7 4 953
Peterborough Peterborough 343 194.0 565
Southend-on-Sea Southend-on-Sea 42 178.7 4,280
Thurrock Thurrock 163 165.2 1 011
Counties
Cambridgeshire Cambridge 3 046 647.2 212
Essex Chelmsford 3,464 1,443.2 417
Hertfordshire Hertford 1 643 1,166.3 710
Norfolk Norwich 5 371 885.0 165
Suffolk Ipswich 3 800 741.9 195
South east Southampton 19 080 8,947.9 469
Unitary Authorities
Bracknell Forest Bracknell 109 119.0 1,088
Brighton and Hove Brighton 83 285.3 3 451
Isle of Wight Newport 380 139.4 367
Medway Rochester 192 276.5 1 440
Milton Keynes Milton Keynes 309 261.8 848
Portsmouth Portsmouth 40 211.8 5 240
Reading Reading 40 161.7 4 004
Slough Slough 33 145.7 4,479
Southampton Southampton 50 249.5 5 002
West Berkshire Newbury 704 156.0 222
Windsor and Maidenhead Maidenhead 197 147.7 752
Wokingham Wokingham 179 160.4 896
Counties
Buckinghamshire Aylesbury 1 565 528.4 338
East Sussex Lewes 1 709 544.1 318
Hampshire Winchester 3 679 1,353.0 368
Kent Maidstone 3,544 1,524.7 430
Oxfordshire Oxford 2 605 677.8 260
Surrey Kingston upon Thames 1 662 1,168.8 703
West Sussex Chichester 1,990 836.3 420
South west Bristol 23 819 5,471.2 230
Unitary Authorities
Bath and North East Somerset Bath 346 184.9 535
Bournemouth Bournemouth 46 194.5 4 212
Bristol Bristol 110 449.3 4099
Cornwall Truro 3,546 549.4 155
Isle of Scilly Hugh Town 16 2.3 142
North Somerset Weston-super-Mare 374 209.9 562
Plymouth Plymouth 80 262.7 3 291
Poole Poole 65 150.6 2,325
South Gloucestershire Thornbury 497 274.7 553
Swindon Swindon 230 217.2 944
Torbay Torbay 63 133.4 2 121
Wiltshire Trowbridge 3 255 486.1 149
Counties
Devon Exeter 6 564 773.1 118
Dorset Dorchester 2 542 420.6 166
Gloucestershire Gloucester 2,653 617.2 233
Somerset Taunton 3 451 545.4 158
Wales Cardiff 20 735 3,099.1 150
Unitary Authorities
Blaenau Gwent Ebb Vale 109 69.5 639
Bridgend Bridgend 251 142.1 567
Caerphilly Ystrad Mynach 277 180.2 649
Cardiff Cardiff 140 357.2 2 544
Carmarthenshire Carmarthen 2,370 185.1 78
Ceredigion Aberaeron 1 785 74.6 42
Conwy Conwy 1 126 116.2 103
Denbighshire Ruthin 837 94.7 113
Flintshire Mold 438 154.1 352
Gwynedd Caernarvon 2,535 122.9 48
Isle of Anglesey Llangefni 711 70.0 98
Merthyr Tydfil Merthyr Tydfil 111 59.3 533
Monmouthshire Cwmbran 849 92.5 109
Neath Port Talbot Port Talbot 441 141.0 320
Newport Newport 191 147.8 776
Pembrokeshire Haverfordwest 1 619 123.5 76
Powys Llandrindod Wells 5 180 132.6 26th
Rhondda Cynon Taff Clydach Vale 424 237.4 560
Swansea Swansea 380 242.4 638
Torfaen Pontypool 126 91.8 731
Vale of Glamorgan Barry 331 127.6 386
Wrexham Wrexham 504 136.6 271
Scotland Edinburgh 77 925 5,373.0 69
Council areas
Aberdeen Aberdeen 186 230.4 1 238
Aberdeenshire Aberdeen 6 313 262.0 42
Angus Forfar 2 182 116.9 54
Argyll and Bute Lochgilphead 6 909 86.9 13th
Clackmannanshire Alloa 159 51.4 323
Dumfries and Galloway Dumfries 6 426 149.7 23
Dundee Dundee 60 148.2 2 470
East Ayrshire Kilmarnock 1 262 122.1 97
East Dunbartonshire Kirkintilloch 175 107.0 611
East Lothian Haddington 679 103.0 152
East Renfrewshire Giffnock 174 92.9 534
Edinburgh Edinburgh 264 498.8 1 889
Eilean Siar (Western Isles) Stornoway 3 071 27.1 9
Falkirk Falkirk 297 158.5 534
Fife Glenrothes 1,325 368.1 278
Glasgow Glasgow 175 606.3 3,465
Highland Inverness 25 659 234.1 9
Inverclyde Greenock 160 79.5 497
Midlothian Dalkeith 354 87.4 247
Moray Elgin 2 238 95.5 43
North Ayrshire Irvine 885 136.1 154
North Lanarkshire Motherwell 470 338.3 720
Orkney Islands Kirkwall 990 21.7 22nd
Perth and Kinross Perth 5 286 149.9 28
Renfrewshire Paisley 261 174.6 669
Scottish Borders Newtown Saint Boswells 4 732 114.0 24
Shetland Islands Lerwick 1 466 23.2 16
South Ayrshire Ayr 1 222 112.4 92
South Lanarkshire Hamilton 1 772 316.2 178
Stirling Stirling 2 187 92.8 42
West Dunbartonshire Dumbarton 159 89.6 564
West Lothian Livingston 427 178.6 418
Northern Ireland Belfast 13 562 1,851.6 136
Districts
Antrim and Newtownabbey 571 140.5 246
Ards and North Down 457 158.8 348
Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon 1 347 207.8 154
Belfast 134 338.9 2 529
Causeway Coast and Glens 1,980 143.1 72
Derry and Strabane 1 237 149.5 121
Fermanagh and Omagh 2,847 115.3 40
Lisburn and Castlereagh 503 140.2 279
Mid and East Antrim 1 046 137.1 131
Mid Ulster 1 821 144.0 79
Newry, Morne and Down 1 619 176.4 109
1) Divided into 32 London Boroughs and the City of London.2) No administrative function of its own since 1986 and divided into 36 Metropolitan Boroughs.

3) Gateshead, Newcastle, North Tyneside, South Tyneside, Sunderland.

4) Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan.

5) Knowsley, Liverpool, Saint Helens, Sefton, Wirral.

6) Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, Sheffield.

7) Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds, Wakefield.

8) Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, Wolverhampton.

In April 1996, the administrative units in Scotland and Wales were reorganized. In Scotland 32 new, i. H. Administrative districts responsible for all municipal tasks (Council Areas) with 29 municipal councils at a local level (Single-Tier Councils) and the three councils of the island areas (Islands Areas: Orkney, Shetland, Western Isles). In Wales, 22 administrative districts (unitary authorities) with single-tier councils and 750 community councils (comparable to the English parish councils) have been created.

In England, from April 1, 1995, numerous counties were reorganized. The current administrative structure is as follows: There are 9 regions (including Greater London) with 27 counties with a two-tier administrative structure (counties). There are also 56 unitary authorities with single-level administration. There are also 6 Metropolitan Counties, which are subdivided into Metropolitan Boroughs. Below the district level, there are still over 8,000 parish councils in England. Since the dissolution of the Greater London Council, Greater London received a higher-level administration (Greater London Authority) with a directly elected Mayor and a separately elected assembly (Assembly of London) for the first time in 2000.

Regional and local self-government is complemented by a system of informal self-government, which is characterized by a network of institutions that are involved in the process of political decision-making and the performance of public tasks. In addition to voluntary institutions (e.g. school boards), these have been the »Quangos« (abbreviation for quasi-autonomous non-governmental organizations; e.g. British Council) since 1970.

United Kingdom Administration