Schools in Turkmenistan
In Turkmenistan, too, children go to school. Primary school only lasts three years here, followed by secondary school for five years. After the eighth grade, the second cycle begins, which lasts four years. After twelve years of school, you can obtain the degree that entitles you to attend a university.
Schools in Turkmenistan have no names but are numbered. For example, you go to School No. 4 or School No. 20. The lessons are in Turkmen. For children from minorities like the Uzbeks, this means that they first have to learn Turkmen.
Under President Nuyýazow, subjects were introduced in which only books could be read that had been written by the President himself. New history only covered the period after 1991. Many teachers have been fired and schooling has been cut to nine years. Some things were reversed under President Berdimuhamedow – and the time at school was even extended, but the lessons are still ideologically oriented.
Schools in rural areas are often poorly equipped. There is not only a lack of blackboard chalk, but also electricity, heating or furniture. Pupils, like students and workers, also have to attend mass state events or are used in the harvest and then do not go to school during this time.
How are the children in Turkmenistan?
Turkmenistan is a country where people’s freedom is very limited. The children suffer from this too. In school they are taught ideologically (following the model of the president and the ruling party) and not liberally. There are also many poor families. The president has many new buildings built and his people are starving. There are also children who have to work. Until 2005, rural schools closed during harvest time to allow students to help with the harvest. That is now forbidden.
Health care is very bad. There are far too few doctors who are also poorly trained. President Nyýazow closed numerous clinics. New ones are now being opened, but their doctors often cannot handle the technical devices. 23 out of 1,000 babies die in childbirth. This is one of the highest values in Central Asia. In rural areas, only 54 percent of people have access to clean drinking water.
Carpets from Turkmenistan
Turkmen carpets belong to the oriental category. They are tied by hand. Every Turkmen tribe creates its own patterns. They are even shown in the country’s flag. Carpets are not only made for the floor, but also as curtains for the tent entrance, as saddlebags, decorative blankets for camels or bags.
The main color is almost always red. The patterns are very diverse with certain elements that keep recurring and from which one can recognize the origin.
Horses from Turkmenistan: Akhal-Teke
Akhal-Teke is the name of a breed of horse from Turkmenistan. It is named after its origin, an area in the south of the country that is called Akhal-Teke, just like the Turkmen tribe that is native here. An Akhal-Teke can also be found in the state coat of arms. For more information about Turkmenistan and Asia, please visit hyperrestaurant.
The Akhal-Teke are very resilient. They are primarily adapted to life in the desert and can cover long distances in it. Akhal-Teke are often used in equestrian sports. They were bred about 3000 years ago.
The state controls
Letters and parcels must be brought to the post office openly. The postal worker does the closing.
It is forbidden to drive in dirty cars!
Jokes about the president are punishable by imprisonment!
Taxi drivers are encouraged to interview foreign visitors.
All citizens have to take part in state mass events, the çäre. These are sporting events and festivals, events for the 42 national holidays as well as presidential visits to the regions of the country.