Experience life in the shadow of the volcanoes on the small volcanic island of Ometepe. Let yourself be infected by the atmosphere of revolution among passionate murals in the university city of Leon. Feel the wings of history on Lake Managua, where a small group of men and women 6,000 years ago left their clear footprints in the once soft volcanic mud. Nicaragua has it all, and you need not worry – the civil wars and unrest ended several decades ago.
See Nicaragua travel
Population: 5.9 million
Nicaragua’s national drink is called Macuá and consists of rum, lemon juice and guava juice? Bowl!
coffee, which is one of Nicaragua’s most important exports, grows best at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level?
Nicaragua’s geography and climate
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America and the most sparsely populated. The country shares its borders with Honduras and Costa Rica and has coasts to the Caribbean and Pacific. The northwestern corner of Nicaragua is mountainous with some volcanoes. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are a well-known threat. Volcanoes also mean fertile soil. This area is the most densely populated in the country and is packed with coffee and sugar cane plantations. The Pacific coast consists of warm and fertile lowlands while the area from the Caribbean coast and a good distance inland is a more inhospitable lowland with swamps, rainforests and a maze of rivers. The coast along the Caribbean Sea consists of swamps and mangrove vegetation. This stretch of coast is called the Miskito Coast after the area’s Native American population, the Miskito Indians, who have their own language and history.
Language and population of Nicaragua
Nicaragua’s 5.5 million inhabitants speak mainly Spanish, profess the Roman Catholic faith, and live in mountainous areas or on the Pacific coast. Three quarters of Nicaraguans are mestizos (of mixed European and Native American descent). The rest are Europeans, Indians or Africans. Most Africans live on the otherwise sparsely populated Caribbean coast, and from a cultural perspective, they have more in common with the Caribbean islands than with the rest of Nicaragua.
History of Nicaragua
When Columbus came to Nicaragua in 1502, it was populated by Native American cultures that subsisted on hunting. These cultures disappeared when Spanish colonization began in 1522. The area on the west side of the mountain slopes down to the Pacific Ocean was exploited, but otherwise the country did not receive much attention, and remained a peripheral area in the large Spanish colonial area centered in Guatemala. The colonial masters were ousted in 1821 and true independence was achieved in 1838 after a brief alliance with the other Central American countries. In the wake of independence followed political conflicts, changing dictatorships and repeated American occupations. The United States took great economic and military power that lasted even after the end of the occupation and also during the subsequent dictatorship under the powerful Somoza family.
However, the transition from dictatorship to democracy did not bring peace to Nicaragua. There was a split between Marxist and more moderate forces in the Sandini movement as well as opposition from some of the country’s population groups, which resulted in unrest that almost turned into civil war. The United States also did not help the peace on the run, with its economic sanctions and aid to the Sandinista opponents who called themselves contras. The Sandinistas retained power until 1990 and enjoyed better social conditions such as health, housing and education, despite the unkind treatment of the Indians. 1990 marked the end of the Sandinista government when opposition candidate Violeta Chamorro won the UN-sponsored horse-length election.
Attractions in Nicaragua
Nicaragua is famous for its history of passionate revolutions against Spanish colonial masters and oppressive dictatorships, as well as for its beautiful nature with picturesque volcanoes and lakes. A trip to Nicaragua offers the opportunity to approach both. The Masaya Volcano, between Nicaragua’s two large lakes, Managua and Nicaragua, is beautiful and terrifying, sending vapors and clouds at regular intervals. The Spaniards believed that the volcano was the entrance to hell, even though the surroundings are more paradisiacal with several crater lakes in the surrounding volcanoes. Here you can swim among fantastic amounts of plants that live and thrive in the fertile volcanic soil. Southeast of the Masaya Volcano is Central America’s largest lake, Lake Nicaragua, with the world’s largest island in a lake, Ometepe Island. The island arose from a volcanic eruption in the middle of the lake.
Those who prefer to spend their Nicaragua vacation swimming in the sea will find the perfect beach paradise on Islas de Maiz. On these so-called corn islands, the rhythm of life is relaxed, the water calm and clear, the sand soft and white and the shade from the coconut palms a welcome protection from the intense sun. A stay in Nicaragua can also offer a history lesson during the country’s colonial era. The oldest colonial city of Granada is sandwiched between Lake Nicaragua and the volcano Mombacho, and is an absolute must for anyone who wants to learn more about colonial times and is looking for old-world charm with pastel-colored house facades and horse-drawn carriages on the streets. The city of Leon was founded by the conqueror Francisco Cordoba just a few months after Granada. The city is Nicaragua’s cultural center and is flooded with history.
Climate and weather Nicaragua
Below you can read about the climate and weather in Nicaragua – see temperatures for the capital Managua.
According to bridgat, the climate is tropical with very high humidity and temperatures between 26 ° and 30 ° without any major deviations during the year. Most of the rain falls in the summer (May-October) and while the western parts experience dry season during the other months of the year, Ostnicaragua has no actual dry season but gets a little less rain outside the rainy season.