Spain Armed Forces

Spain Armed Forces

Army. – The balanced force, prior to the civil war, included 9,400 officers, 145,000 troopers. The supreme command and administrative body is the Ministry of War, in which the central staff is particularly responsible for preparing for war, and the administrative function of the undersecretariat. High advisory body of the Ministry of War is the Superior Council of War, chaired by the Minister and composed of the three General Inspectors and the Chief of the Central Staff. The territory of the state is divided into: 8 regions (Madrid, Seville, Valencia, Barcelona, ​​Zaragoza, Burgos, Valladolid, La Coruña); 2 island military commands (Balearic and Canary Islands). The army includes: the metropolitan forces and the Moroccan forces.

The metropolitan forces consist of 3 general inspections, 8 infantry divisions, 1 cavalry division, 1 motorized division, 2 mixed mountain brigades, troops and services not framed in large units. General inspections oversee a varied number of autonomous divisions and brigades. The infantry division is composed of: 2 infantry brigades, each of two regiments; the brigade of light artillery, of two regiments (the one of cannons, the one of howitzers); 1 cavalry squadron (equipped with automatic weapons section); 1 infantry cyclists section; 1 diggers battalion; thetransmission group; 1 aircraft squadron; unity of genius and services. The cavalry division includes: 3 cavalry brigades (6 regiments and 2 self-gun squadrons); 1 horse artillery regiment; 1 company of genius diggers; 1 transmission group; 1 aircraft squadron; services. The motorized division consists of: 3 self-supporting infantry regiments; 1 motorized artillery regiment; 1 group of motorized cavalry (equipped with self-guns and fast chariots); 1 tank company; motorized services. The mixed mountain brigade is made up of: 4 mountain infantry battalions, 1 mountain artillery regiment (howitzers), 1 diggers company; 1 transmission group; services. The infantry includes 35 regiments, 8 mountain battalions, 2 light tank regiments,the cycling battalion. The cavalry: 10 hunter regiments, 1 self-gun group. The artillery: 16 light regiments, 2 from the mountains, 3 from the coast, 1 on horseback, 4 on foot, 2 anti-aircraft groups. The genius: 3 regiments (sappers, miners, railroad workers, transmissions specialties), 8 divisional sapper battalions, 1 bridging battalion, 1 aerostart regiment, 1 autonomous sapper battalion.

The Moroccan forces include: a) White regular forces: 2 infantry groups (in total 7 battalions), 2 foreign legions of “tercio” (each on 9 rifle companies and 3 machine gunners: in total about 160 officers, 3600 non-commissioned officers and military troop), 2 sections cavalry escort, 15 batteries of various calibers (14 howitzers from 105 to 155, 1 coast), 2 engineering battalions, two train sets, the automobile group, 4 cyclists companies, services. b) Indigenous regular forces (about 13,000 men), gathered in 2 groups composed of infantry and cavalry and framed by officers, non-commissioned officers, metropolitan specialists. c) Detachment of the Sahara: 1 company of discipline, 1 machine gun section, 1 detachment of artillery, elements of engineers and services (in total a few officers and about 400 troops). For Spain military, please check

Military service is compulsory, for the duration of 18 years: in arms (still) 1 year; 5 years in availability; 6 in the first reserve; 6 in the second reserve.

By paying a military tax, enrollees can obtain a reduction of the detention to six months. The recruits who, in a specific examination at the time of incorporation, demonstrate sufficient theoretical-practical preparation, are discharged after 8 months.

The call of the contingent takes place in two brackets: February and November. The non-incorporated quota, because it exceeds the needs, completes a period of education lasting no more than 4 weeks.

Navy. – Before the Civil War, the Spanish Navy consisted of the following units:

Battleships: Jaime I and España (formerly Alfonso XIII), launched in 1913-14 in El Ferrol, of 15,700 tons. and 20 knots, armed with 8/305, 20/102, 2/76 a.-a. and 10 machine guns. A third unit of the same type was lost by aground on the Moroccan coast during the campaign against the Riffani.

Cruisers: Canarias and Baleares, launched in 1931 and 1932, of 10,000 tons. and 33 knots, armed with 8/203, 8/120 antiaircraft and 4 triple overwater launch tubes of 533; Míguel de Cervantes, launched in 1928, from 7400/9200 tons. and 33 knots, armed with 8/152, 4/102 antiaircraft and 4 triple overwater launch tubes of 533; Libertad and Almirante Cervera, launched in 1925, with similar characteristics to the previous one; Méndez Núñez, launched in 1922-23, of 4500 tons. and 29 knots, armed with 6/152 and 4 triple 533 launch tubes; República, launched in 1920, from 4800/6450 tons. and 26 knots, armed with 9/152 and 2 twin pipes of 533.

Flotilla drivers: 14 of which 7 launched in 1926-30 and 7 launched in 1931 or under construction, such as Barcaiztegui and Almirante Miranda, of 1500/1800 tons. and 36 knots, ammati with 5/120 and 2 triple launch tubes of 533.

Destroyers: Alcedo, Lazaga, Velasco, launched in 1922-1924 in Cartagena, from 1044/1350 tons. and 34 knots, armed with 3/102, 2/47 and 2 twin 533 launch tubes.

Torpedo boats: 11 antiquated.

Submarines: 6 type D 1050/1370 tons. and 20.5 / 9.5 knots, armed with 6 pipes of 533 and 1/102; 12 type C, launched in the years 1924-29, from 842/1290 tons. and 16 / 8.5 knots, armed with 6 tubes of 533 and 1/100; 6 type B, launched in 1921-26, from 570/715 tons. and 16.5 / 10.5 knots, armed with 4 pipes of 450 and 1/76; 1 out of date.

Cannonniere: Dato, Canalejas, Canovas del Castillo, launched in 1922-23, from 1340 tons. and 18 knots, armed with 4/100; 2 Lauria type, launched in 1910-12, of 800 tons; 9 for coastal service in Africa, launched in 1917-18 in England and France.

Minelayers: 4 Vulcano type, launched in 1935 or under construction, of 2100 tons. and 18.5 knots, armed with 4/120, 4 40 machine gunners, 2 bomb launchers, capable of carrying 264 torpedoes.

In addition: 1 sailing and motor training vessel Juan Sebastián de Elcano, launched in 1927, of 3400 tons; 1 submarine rescue vessel Kanguro of 2700 tons, launched in 1916 in the Netherlands; 1 Giralda hydrographic vessel, and a certain number of units for transport and fisheries protection.

The force was 1729 active duty officers and 374 reserve officers; 14,000 sailors; 2,800 men of marine infantry.

Main naval bases: El Ferrol, Cadiz, Cartagena. The Naval Academy is in Cadiz.

Military aviation. – The Directorate General of Aviation depended on the Prime Minister and included civil aviation, military aviation, naval aviation and meteorology. The Superior Aviation Council was the highest advisory body in the Air Force. Naval aviation was commanded by the chief of naval aviation who was directly under the director general of aviation.

The air departments were located in the following airports: Alcalá de Henares (Madrid): piloting and hunting school; Barcelona (Prat de Llobregat): team no. 3; Cuatro Vientos (Madrid): school for specialists and observers, technical department, flight protection, paratroopers, armament, photography, chemical transport center; Getafe (Madrid): team n.1; León: 21st group of the 1st team; Logroño (Recaio): 23rd group of the 3rd team; Los Alcázares seaplane base (Cartagena): shooting and bombing school, Atalayón seaplane base (Melilla): 6th group; Nador (Melilla): one of the 1st group (team n. 2); Tetuán: A group of the African air forces.

The departments were equipped with foreign-type aircraft in general. Naval aviation has the following bases: San Javier, Prat de Llobregat, Marín, Mahón, aircraft carrier Dédalo.

The state had no arsenal of its own and was served by private firms; the Cuastro Vientos workshops were used for repairs.

Spain Armed Forces