Provinces in East China

Jiangxi, China

Anhui

Anhui, Anhwei, inland province in eastern central China on both sides of the Yangtze and Huai He, 139,900 km 2; (2010) 59.5 million residents; The capital is Hefei. Cultivation of wheat, rice, Kaoliang, barley, soybeans, potatoes, tea, cotton on 4.4 million hectares of arable land – one third of the provincial area – of which 57% is irrigated; most important coal mining in southeast China, iron ore and copper ore extraction and smelting, iron sulfate, potash and alum rock. With the Huai He and tributaries as well as a north-south railway line, Anhui is well developed in terms of transport and has high economic growth rates. The iron and steel works in Ma’anshan and the automotive and cement industries in Wuhu are among the most important in China. The main attraction for tourists is the Huang Shan Mountains (Huang Shan).

Hefei

Hefei, Hofei, until 1912 Luchow [lud ʒ ɔ ʊ ], Lutschou, Luzhou, capital of the Chinese province of Anhui, 7.5 million residents in the entire administrative area, of which 3.1 million residents in the city districts; University, TU, technical colleges for agriculture, mining and medicine; Center of an important rice-growing area; Textile, leather, etc. Light industry, iron and steel works, production of tool, agricultural, etc. Machinery, chemical factories, aluminum plant; Airfield. Via Lake Chao Hu south of Hefei connection to the Yangtze River near Wuhu.

At the east gate of the Mingjiao Temple from the Qing period, the foundation of which dates back to the 6th century. In the provincial museum a. a suit made of jade tiles (Han Period, 2nd century BC).

Ma’anshan

Ma’anshan [- ʃ an], city in China, Anhui Province, on the right bank of the Lower Yangtze, population 441,800; Important industrial center with iron and steel works based on the iron ore and coal deposits mined near Ma’anshan; chemical industry, cement works and pyrite extraction.

Wuhu

Wuhu, city ​​in Anhui Province, China; 3.84 million residents, of which 1.45 million are urban; Automotive and cement industries; important port on the Yangtze River.

Huang Shan

Huang Shan [- ʃ an; Chinese “Yellow Mountain”], protected landscape area (UNESCO World Heritage Site) in the south of Anhui Province, China, 154 km 2; numerous densely packed, bizarre rock peaks between 1,000 m and 1,849 m high, between which thick fog rises from the deep valleys on 250 days of the year; With its ancient pines growing only in crevices, it corresponds to the Chinese ideal of landscape.

Fujian

Fujian [fud ʒ i-], Fuki | en, province on the southeast coast of China, opposite Taiwan, 123,100 km 2, (2010) 36.9 million residents; The capital is Fuzhou. The most important cities, Fuzhou and Xiamen, are located in the coastal area and are connected to the railway network. Both are among the cities that have had to grant Great Britain settlement and trading rights since 1842. The rural population lives mainly in the narrow coastal strip, which is divided by numerous estuaries. 90% of the provincial area consists of mountainous land, the southwest-northeast staggering of which isolates Fujian from the rest of China. The forest area covers 7.8 million hectares (timber industry). In the subtropical warm and humid climate, rice, potatoes, sugar cane, tea, citrus fruits, bananas, lychee, wheat, peanuts, rapeseed and tobacco are mainly harvested on a relatively small area (around 1 million hectares); Fujian is one of the main producers of tea and sugar cane in China. Natural resources are coal, iron, Tungsten and copper ore, lead and manganese. There is fishing on the coast. Tourism is the leading industry. The industry is experiencing high growth rates, but is limited to the coastal region; In addition to the traditional companies in the food, steel and chemical industries, export-oriented high-tech companies have settled here. From 1979 onwards, special economic zones were set up for direct investments by Chinese living abroad. Xiamen is one of the earliest and most important economic zones in southern China. In particular, greatly improved contacts with Taiwan increased corresponding investments. In addition to the traditional companies in the food, steel and chemical industries, export-oriented high-tech companies have settled here. From 1979 onwards, special economic zones were set up for direct investments by Chinese living abroad. Xiamen is one of the earliest and most important economic zones in southern China. In particular, greatly improved contacts with Taiwan increased corresponding investments. In addition to the traditional companies in the food, steel and chemical industries, export-oriented high-tech companies have settled here. From 1979 onwards, special economic zones were set up for direct investments by Chinese living abroad. Xiamen is one of the earliest and most important economic zones in southern China. In particular, greatly improved contacts with Taiwan increased corresponding investments.

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Jiangxi

Jiangxi [d ʒ ja ŋ ɕ i], Kiangsi, Province in Southeast China, 164,800 km 2, (2010) 44.6 million residents; The capital is Nanchang.Jiangxi comprises the river basin of the Gan Jiang with the Poyang Hu and is bounded by the Yangtze River in the north and by mountains (up to 2,000 m above sea level) in the west, south and east. In agriculture, mainly rice, also tea, barley, wheat, sesame, rape, corn, sweet potatoes, citrus fruits, also ramie, cotton, sugar cane and tobacco are grown; Timber industry. The mining industry is dominated by the mining of coal (for the Wuhan steelworks), tungsten ore, uranium, silver and kaolin (porcelain production in Jingdezhen, one of the world-famous places with a porcelain tradition since the 10th century). Jiangxi is one of the most important provinces for the supply of non-ferrous metals to the industrial sectors; in addition iron and steel industry.

Nanchang

Nanchang [-d ʒ a ŋ ], Nantschang, capital of Jiangxi Province, in southern China, on Gan Jiang above its delta junction to Poyang Hu, 5.04 million residents in the entire administrative area, of which 2.22 million residents in the city districts; Universities of applied sciences for agriculture and medicine; Provincial Museum and Library. The inland port of Nanchang is an old center of shipping (via the Poyang Hu connection with the Yangtze River); Aircraft plant, construction of diesel engines and tractors, truck assembly plant, cotton and paper industry, rice mills, extraction of fats and oils; Airfield.

Jiangxi, China