Pakistan School System

Pakistan Schools

Not all children in Pakistan go to school. Only 73 out of 100 children go to school. The government set itself the goal of giving all children at least a basic education in school. But the reality is different.

There is a school system in Pakistan with a primary school that children between the ages of five and ten should attend. This is followed by the middle school for children aged ten to 13. This is followed by an upper school for an age group from 13 to 15 years and a secondary school for young people up to 17 years of age.

At the end there is a degree like our Abitur. Alternatively, there is also a special technical high school. With the latter two school-leaving qualifications, you can study at one of the universities that are either state-funded or privately funded. That sounds pretty good, but why are so many people in Pakistan still unable to read or write?

There is a lack of money…

In practice, far too little is done to develop the school system. On the one hand, there is a lack of money and, on the other hand, the conservative attitude of many Muslims prevents parents from sending their children – especially the girls – to school. While 79 out of 100 boys go to school, the proportion of girls is only 67.

Pakistan lags behind the rest of the world in education. Actually, all children should at least go to primary school. Often a teacher then teaches 100 students in one class.

… and teachers

Sometimes there are no teachers at all! They either don’t get paid or they just don’t come anymore. Then the children go to school without a teacher. Then their parents may not even send the children to school anymore, but let them work in the fields.

But even when the teachers are on site, there is a lack of textbooks and important material to teach with. And many teachers are not sufficiently trained to provide meaningful lessons for children. As a result, 45 out of 100 people in Pakistan still cannot read and write properly.

Situation in the northwest

In some provinces the situation is very bad. In the north-western border province with Afghanistan, from which Nobel Prize winner Malala comes, even fewer people can read and write. With luck, the girls may still go to elementary school. From the age of eleven they are no longer allowed to go out of the house to avoid meeting men on the street. Women are often not even allowed to leave their home to go to work.

Greater numbers of people can write and read in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. The differences in education between the individual regions of Pakistan are great. Only 13 out of 100 women are gainfully employed, so they get money for their work. And these are more educated women who live in the larger cities of the country.

Private schools

In Pakistan, as in many other countries, there are private schools where much better teaching is possible. Most of the teaching here is in English and the school leaving certificates are like in Great Britain. Many educated Pakistanis go to the UK to study and later work. But the fees for such private schools can only be paid by rich people. This is not possible for people with a lower income. For more information about Pakistan and Asia, please visit ehealthfacts.

Those who have a good school leaving certificate can also attend one of the country’s universities, which are mostly to be found in the big cities.

But many of them only have an intermediate level of education and then go straight to America or England. Thus, Pakistan is losing well-trained workers that are urgently needed for the country’s development.

Religious schools

In addition to private schools, there are also madrasas in Pakistan, which are Muslim religious schools. Many parents send their children there, because here they receive additional food and thus relieve the family household. Although the children learn to read and write, they also receive a basic religious education.

It is difficult to understand exactly in which direction these lessons are going. It is true that attempts are being made by the state to make binding requirements for these schools too, but how can this be controlled at a rural elementary school somewhere on the border with Afghanistan? There is a fear that such schools not only provide religious instruction, but also try to radicalize the children so that they later fall more easily into the hands of Islamists.

Pakistan Schools