Nicaragua Geography

Nicaragua Geography

According to Topmbadirectory, the Republic of Nicaragua is a country located in the geographic center of the Central American isthmus. It limits to the north with Honduras, to the south with Costa Rica, to the west with the Pacific Ocean and to the east with the Caribbean Sea. For administrative reasons, Nicaragua is divided into 15 departments and two autonomous regions. These, at the same time, are divided into municipalities, which are currently 153.

In Nicaragua they are found from savannas, to virgin mountains with native species, and it enjoys having one of the largest inland lakes in the world: Lake Nicaragua, with exotic species such as the freshwater shark. It also has unpopulated plateaus with spring weather all year round in the center and the Pacific of the country (including cold areas), still virgin and impressive beaches, where a wave of new tourists from mainly Europe and Canada is currently settling, also taking advantage of the low land costs; active volcanos; Impressive islands that are still little explored, such as Ometepe, Zapatera, the Isletas de Granada or Corn Island, among others.

Pacific Zone

The Pacific Zone of the country is characterized by being the volcanic and lake region of Nicaragua, in it the Central American mountain range and the highest and most rugged Volcanic mountain range extend. The first volcano is Cosigüina, located on the peninsula of the same name, within the Gulf of Fonseca (very popular with tourists and locals because it is actually a submerged caldera of a large crater). It is followed by the volcanic chain of the Marrabios or Maribios, which ends with the Momotombito; an islet in Lake Xolotlán.

There are also other volcanoes, such as Masaya or Maderas and Concepción, the latter two forming the island of Ometepe in Lake Cocibolca (also known as Lake Nicaragua). This area enjoys the presence of another large lake: Lake Managua. Composed of the departments Rivas, Granada, Carazo, Masaya, Managua, Leon and Chinandega.

Central zone

The Central Zone of the country gives source to another great river: the Escondido, which is fed by the union of the Siquia, Mico and Rama rivers. Throughout this region the Amerrisque or Chontaleña mountain range moves. The former probably gave rise to the name of America, according to new studies by historians and experts. In the north of it, it has dry regions such as Nueva Segovia and mountainous and humid regions such as Jinotega and Matagalpa. These areas serve as a source for two large rivers: the Segovia or Coco and the Grande de Matagalpa. Nueva Segovia presents the Dipilto and Jalapa mountain ranges, which serve as the border with Honduras, while Jinotega to the Isabelia mountain range and Matagalpa to the Dariense mountain range, in which it is divided into the departments of Madriz, Nueva Segovia, Boaco, Esteli,

Caribbean area

The Caribbean Zone of the country is a great plain covered with great forests and huge rivers run through its lands. Among the main rivers of this region that flow into the Caribbean Sea are: the Segovia or Coco, the Wawa, the Kukalaya, the Prinzapolka, the Bambana, the Grande de Matagalpa, the Kurinwás, the Escondido (and its tributaries Siquia, Mico y Rama), Punta Gorda and San Juan. In the northern part of this area is part of the Isabelia and Dariense mountain ranges and to the south a branch of the Amerrisque or Chontaleña. In the Caribbean area is the Bosawás jungle, the second largest jungle on the continent and home to a rich Biodiversity


In the coastal regions there is a tropical climate with an average temperature of 25.5 ° C. Indoors, in higher areas, the temperature varies between 15.5 ° C and 26.5 ° C.

Natural resources

The main natural resource of Nicaragua is agriculture. Volcanic deposits have enriched the soil, which is very fertile due to the large number of lakes and volcanoes found throughout the country, which is why it is known as the land of lakes and volcanoes.
The country has some mineral deposits of gold, silver and copper.

Flora and fauna

Nicaraguan vegetation has a tropical and subtropical nature. Timber trees such as pine, cedar, balsam, among others, stand out. It has around 50 varieties of fruits. Among the wild animals can be found pumas, various species of monkeys. Crocodiles stand out as a variety of reptiles; and among the birds, parrots, turkeys and hummingbirds abound.

Nicaragua Geography