Official name of the state
According to topschoolsintheusa, Italy is divided into the Italian Alps, the northern Italian lowlands, the actual Apennine peninsula and numerous islands – Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, Ischia and Capri are probably the best known. The Alps in Northern Italy form a natural border with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. In the south, south-west and south-east the country is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Italy also borders on San Marino and Vatican City. The Apennines, which reach a height of up to 2910 m, cross the entire peninsula.
Northern Italy includes the Alps, the fertile, densely populated Po plain and the Ligurian-Etruscan part of the Apennines. Some of the highest mountains and most beautiful ski areas in Europe are located in the Piemonte and Val d’Aosta region. Numerous mountain rivers flow from the mountains to the Po Valley and cross the Italian lake area (Lago Maggiore, Lago di Como and Lago di Garda are the most famous). The Po plain consists mainly of fertile alluvial land. The Po, the largest river in Italy, flows into the Adriatic in the east.
Central Italy is located in the northern part of the Italian peninsula. The landscape of Tuscany is very varied; Snow-capped mountains (Appennino Toscano), lush green land, hills, sandy beaches and numerous islands near the coast await the visitor. The Marche region, located between the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea, is a mountainous country with rivers and small, fertile plains. The mountainous regions (administrative districts) of Abruzzo border the Marche in the north, Molise south of Abruzzo borders Puglia in the south. Lazio and Campania are on the Tyrrhenian Sea and form the western border. Umbria, the “green heart of Italy”, consists of hills and wide plains.
Southern Italy stretches from Baia Domizia to the Gulf of Naples and stretches along the rocky coast to the border with Calabria. In Campania there are low mountains with flat coastal regions. The southern Italian Apennines are lower than the northern, the Appennino Neapolitano slowly merge into the rolling hills around Sorrento. The islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida in the Tyrrhenian Sea also belong to the Campania. In Apulia, volcanic hills and remote swamps shape the landscape. There are still active volcanoes in southern Italy; Vesuvius, east of Naples, is one of the largest volcanoes in Europe. Calabria, the “tip of the boot”, is densely wooded and sparsely populated.
Republic since 1946. Constitution of 1948, last amended in 2007. Bicameral Parliament: House of Representatives (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 members and Senate (Senato della Repubblica) with 315 members. Election of the head of state every 7 years by an electoral college. National unity since 1861. Italy is a member of the EU.
Head of state
Sergio Mattarella, since February 2015.
Head of government
Paolo Gentiloni, since December 2016.
230 V, 50 Hz.
Central European Time: CET +2 (CET +3 from March 26 to October 29, 2017)
The official language is Italian. South Tyrol is officially bilingual, mainly German is spoken. Ladin is z. T. School language in Trentino. French is spoken in the border areas with France and Switzerland, from the Italian Riviera to the area north of Milan, and Slovenian in Trieste and Gorizia. In Sardinia, Catalan is spoken in some areas. In holiday resorts and larger cities z. English, German or French spoken.
- Eight = Otto
- Eighty = Ottanta
- Goodbye = Arrivederla (formal) / Arrivederci (informal)
- Exit = Uscita
- Beer = Birra
- Please = Per favore
- Thank you = grace
- Tuesday = Martedì
- Doctor = Medico
- Thursday = Giovedì
- Three = Tre
- Thirty = Trenta
- Entrance = Entrata
- One hundred = cento
- One = Uno
- One thousand = mille
- Friday = Venerdì
- Five = Cinque
- Fifty = Cinquanta
- Danger = pericolo
- Closed = Chiuso
- Hello = Buon giorno / Buona sera (after 3 p.m.); Ciao (informal)
- Today = Oggi
- Hotel = Albergo
- I feel sick = Non mi sento bene
- I don’t understand = Non capisco
- Yes = Si
- My name is?? = Mi chiamo
- I’m fine. = Sto molto bene.
- Wednesday = Mercoledì
- Monday = Lunedì
- Tomorrow = Domanì
- No = no
- Nine = Nove
- Ninety = Novanta
- Open = Aperto
- Restaurant = Ristorante
- Saturday = Sabato
- Six = Be
- Sixty = Sessanta
- Seven = Sette
- Seventy = Settanta
- Sunday = Domenica
- Menu = Menù
- Do you speak German / English? = Parla tedesco / inglese?
- Toilets = Bagno / Servizio / toilet
- Four = Quattro
- Forty = quarantine
- Wine = vino
- How are you? = Come sta?
- How much is it? = Quanto costa?
- Where is??? = Dov’è???
- Ten = Dieci
- Twenty = Venti
- Two = Due
In addition, numerous festivals are held in honor of the respective patron saint. Shops are mostly open:
Turin (Torino) / Genoa (Genova) / Florence (Firenze): June 24th (John the Baptist).
Milan (Milano): December 7th (St. Ambrose).
Venice (Venezia): April 25th (St. Mark).
Bologna: Oct. 4th (St. Petronius).
Naples (Napoli): Sept. 19 (St. Gennaro).
Bari: December 6th (St. Nicholas).
Palermo: July 15th (St. Rosalia).
Rome (Roma): June 29th (St. Peter).
Siena: July 2nd and August 16th (Palio horse race).
Trieste (Trieste): Nov 3rd (St. Giusto).
90% Roman Catholic; Protestant, Jewish and Muslim minorities.
Social rules of conduct
The Roman Catholic Church still plays an important role in Italy today and exerts a strong influence on the social structure. Family cohesion is significantly stronger than in most other European countries.
Cloakroom: Casual wear is widespread, but swimsuits should be worn on the beach. Correct clothing is expected when entering churches and in small, traditional communities. On written invitations it is generally noted whether a suit or tuxedo or suit or evening dress is desired.
Smoking: In Italy, smoking is prohibited in all public buildings and means of transport, as well as in cinemas, restaurants, bars and pubs. However, guest establishments can have smoking areas, which are closed off by walls and doors and equipped with ventilation systems.
The cities of Bolzano, Naples and Verona go one step further with the smoking ban: In Naples and Verona, smoking is strictly prohibited in the open air during demonstrations and cultural events, as well as in parks and green spaces when pregnant women or children under the age of 12 are nearby hold up. In Bozen it is not allowed to smoke outdoors. Smoking is also prohibited on Bibione beach. Smoking is only allowed under rented parasols.
Tipping is not very common in gastronomy. Service charges and sales or residence taxes are included in the hotel bills. However, € 5 per week is common for housekeeping. Restaurant bills include a kind of basic fee for the cover and the bread. Those who were particularly satisfied can also leave a tip on the table. You are also not obliged to tip in a taxi. If the taxi driver helps with the luggage, he is also happy to receive a tip.
Best travel time
Mediterranean climate in the north of Italy, except in the Alps and the Apennines. Hot summers, especially in the south. Spring and autumn mild and sunny. Cold winters with lots of snow in Northern Italy, otherwise mild. It’s drier and warmer the further south you go. The middle and south of Italy has a Mediterranean climate. Italy is a popular travel destination all year round. The main season for beach holidaymakers is from April to August. The months of July and August are the hottest. In midsummer the prices are highest, because then the Italians go on vacation.
Area code +39 Area (sq km) 301 340 Population 61 855 120 Population density (per sq km) 205 Population in 2015 Member of the EU Yes main emergency number 112