Honduras Recent History Part 2

Honduras Recent History 2

After the coup

After two unsuccessful attempts to enter the territory, first by the Airport of Toncontín and then across the border with Nicaragua, Zelaya managed to reach Tegucigalpa on September 21 and stayed at the Embassy of Brazil to the 27 of January of 2010, when He left the country for the Dominican Republic.

Five months after the coup in Honduras, the de facto regime tried to legitimize the coup through elections called for November 29, 2009.

” General elections in a de facto state, without previously having restored democracy and the rule of law, are a legal aberration, a mockery and a deception of the people “,

Constitutional President Manuel Zelaya had warned.

The results in possession of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) show a participation of 49.2%, which means that the majority – more than 50% – of Honduran citizens abstained from voting in the “elections” to which the National Resistance Front Against the coup he called unjust, without freedom and boycotted.

Right-wing landowner Porfirio Lobo won the presidential elections in illegitimate elections across most of Latin America, but they were backed by the United States, the impoverished country’s largest trading partner.

In the year 2010, as a country located in Central America according to Usprivateschoolsfinder, Honduras became the most violent country in Central America with six thousand 236 murders, 240 thousand homicides more than the previous year. [7] After the coup of June of 2009, the violence maintains a rising trend in this country, with 77 deaths per 100,000 residents.

Return of Manuel Zelaya

The 22 of maypole of 2011, the president of Honduras Porfirio Lobo signed in Cartagena de Indias commitment with ousted President Manuel Zelaya to return this to the country.

[8] The agreement also allowed the country to return to the Central American Economic Integration System, the Non-Aligned Movement, and paved the way for an early return to the Organization of American States.

Previously, the Supreme Court had declared null the trials against Zelaya for alleged corruption.

Incident with Jamaica

The 7 of January of 2011 there was an incident when a ship coastguard Jamaica intercepted a boat with crew of the nation Central in waters territorial. During the operation, shots were fired and as a consequence the captain of the Honduran ship, Harley Benles Echeverría, died and two members of his crew were injured. The Jamaican authorities claimed to promote an understanding, but assured that they would do everything possible to protect the economic zone.

The Honduran administration warned that it could formalize a protest when it received a report promised by Jamaica. The ship, Miss Annat, which had 118 people on board, returned to Honduras on January 10 with the rest of the crew.

New law for reelection

The Honduran Congress passed the night of the December to January of 2011 a constitutional reform that opens the doors to a query like that drove former President Manuel Zelaya to decide on presidential re – election and led to the coup that ousted him. [9]

The amendment eliminated the reference to Article 374 of the Constitution, which establishes that the provisions relating to “the form of Government, the national territory, the presidential term, the prohibition to be president of the republic again ” may not be amended.

Congress also approved the procedures and norms for holding referendums and plebiscites. The reform was approved by 103 of the 128 deputies. A group of 25 legislators voted against the initiative.

Former President Manuel Zelaya affirmed that with the controversial approval of the constitutional reform in Honduras, the Congress of that country finally recognized that the popular consultation that was attempted in 2009 was legal, which served as a bridge to remove him from power through a coup. [10] For the former president, the constitutional reform shows “in a conclusive way” that the causes of the coup in Honduras were not “legal”. In the opinion of the former president, the great organizer of the coup that overthrew him in 2009 it was the United States government that has increased its control over the country after his departure from the presidency. In this regard, he noted on February 21, 2011 from his exile in the Dominican Republic.

“The United States manages the economy, the army, international relations and fuels. That is why I do not understand why they allow a president to be elected, better that they appoint a governor.” [eleven]

Manuel Zelaya

The 23 of April of 2015, the Supreme Court of Honduras annulled Article 239 of the Constitution prohibiting presidential re – election in Honduras since 1982. The decision was adopted by five judges of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, but one of them later retracted, Magistrate Elmer Lizardo, of the opposition Liberal Party. The Constitutional Chamber declared article 239 of the Magna Carta inapplicable, which established that no president or vice president of Honduras could return to serve in those positions of popular election. Also he ordered the cessation of state officials to propose and reform the rule for 10 years disqualification from holding public office [12] .

Honduras Recent History 2