Honduras Recent History Part 1

Honduras Recent History 1

The first elections of the Siglo XXI, the 25 of November of 2001, gave the power to Ricardo Maduro with 52.2% of the vote.

During his election campaign, Maduro promised great advances in the economy of the country. Although the president had a certain degree of success during 2004 and 2005, with growth of 5% and 4.2% respectively, his promises fell short. In the legislative field, he was in charge of promulgating laws against crime and more specifically, against gang groups.In 2006, he handed over power to Manuel Zelaya Rosales, who won on December 7, 2005 with 49, 9% of the votes. During the presidency of Manuel Zelaya, he incorporated the country into ALBA.

Chronology of a coup

Throughout the 20th century, the Government of Honduras was repeatedly under the command of de facto leaders. Various social and economic problems plunged its political apparatus into a constant weakening that ended up seriously degrading its democratic institutions.

The current constitution in Honduras dates from 1982 and it does not contemplate the mechanisms to review it and create a new one. The constituents of the time, aware of the weaknesses of the traditional political parties, established a set of articles called “stone” and a warning aimed at considering any attempt to reform it as a crime.

The initiative of President Zelaya was promoting a consultation / citizen survey to ask citizens if they wanted an urn fourth placed in the general election of 2009, to decide on the installation of a National Constituent Assembly would be responsible for reforming the constitution.

On June 23, 2009, the National Congress, dominated by the opposition to the president, passed last minute legislation that prohibits the holding of referendums and plebiscites 180 days before and after the elections.

Protected by these regulations, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) and the Supreme Court of Justice declare the June 28 consultation illegal, and the lawyer Germán Leitzelar threatens sentences of between 10 and 15 years in prison for those who support it.

On June 24, President Zelaya dismissed the chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces, General Romeo Vásquez, for refusing to distribute the material for the survey. As Zelaya indicated in a message to the nation, his decision was due to the crisis generated by some sectors that promoted destabilization and chaos in order to cause problems for democratic institutions.

On June 25, the Supreme Court of Justice ignored the authority of the legitimately elected president to command the armed forces and reinstated General Vásquez in office. Meanwhile, the National Congress appointed a special commission to declare the president unfit for office after he dismissed Vásquez.

Zelaya described this maneuver as a technical coup and called on Latin American presidents to show solidarity with his government. The president summoned the people to accompany him to the Hernán Acosta Mejía air base to remove the electoral material confiscated by TSE magistrates and prosecutors from the Public Ministry.

On June 26, the president considered the technical coup averted and called on the people to participate in Sunday’s consultation. Although the danger has not ceased and the threat is always latent, the ruler nevertheless warned.

On June 27, the executive director of the Opinion Survey Process, Fedra Tibot, reported that the 15,000 ballot boxes installed in the country are ready for consultation. The task was accomplished thanks to the voluntary participation of some 45,000 people. By presidential order, the ballot boxes will be guarded by popular organizations and the police and not by the army.

On Sunday , June 28, heavily armed soldiers forcibly entered the president’s residence in the early hours of the morning, took him to a military base, and from there transferred him to Costa Rica. The coup leaders unleash a fierce repression against thousands of protesters in the capital and install a de facto government in power headed by the until now president of the National Congress, Roberto Micheletti.

Micheletti decreed a 48-hour curfew with the possibility of extension, while the protests took place. Another of the measures taken was the prohibition of transmissions of international channels within Honduras. [2] Several journalists were also detained by military forces, who were later released.

[3] It is also reported that the troops kidnapped the ambassadors of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela and the Honduran Foreign Minister Patricia Rodas. [4] [5]

The State Department and the United States Congress financed and advised the Honduran actors and organizations that participated in the coup. The Pentagon trained, trained, financed and armed the Honduran army that carried out the coup and continues to repress the people of Honduras, a country located in Central America according to Topschoolsoflaw. The US Ambassador to Tegucigalpa, Hugo Llorens, coordinated the removal from power of President Manuel Zelaya, along with Undersecretary of State Thomas Shannon and John Negroponte, who currently works as an advisor to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. [6]

The coup receives the rejection of the international community and organizations such as the OAS, the UN, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America, the Central American Economic Integration System and the Rio Group.

On June 29, Zelaya announces his willingness to return to Honduras on July 2, despite the fact that the coup plotters threaten to arrest him. Argentine President Cristina Fernández and OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza express their interest in accompanying Zelaya on his return to the country.

Demonstrations of thousands of people are held against the Micheletti government. During the protests against the new government, there were deaths, dozens of injuries, and several dozen detainees in the surroundings of the Presidential House, before which hundreds of people protested.

Honduras Recent History 1