Honduras Geography

Honduras Geography

According to Collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a Central American country divided into 18 departments, the cities of Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela, together, constitute the capital of the republic. [1] The 28 of June of 2009 military heavily armed penetrated by the force at the residence of the constitutional president Manuel Zelaya Rosales in the early morning hours, take him to a military base and hence the move to Costa Rica.

The coup plotters unleash a fierce repression against thousands of protesters in the capital and install a de facto Government in power headed by the until now President of the National Congress, Roberto Micheletti. The coup had the secret approval of the United States government.


The territory of Honduras has an area of 112,492 square kilometers in area, is located in the center of the region Central. It limits to the north with the Caribbean Sea or Sea of ​​the Antilles, to the south with the Gulf of Fonseca (Pacific Ocean) and the Republic of El Salvador. To the east, it borders Nicaragua and the Caribbean Sea ; and to the west with Guatemala and El Salvador. The borders maritime are still in the process of definition and / or demarcation.

Azacualpa Hot Springs (Honduras), the opportunity to enjoy a cavern with a natural sauna, an interpretive trail, a waterfall and a viewpoint, located between the communities of San Pedro Zacapa and Azacualpa.


It is located in a tropical position from 15 to 16 degrees north of Ecuador, it only has two seasons, which are well defined: the dry season and the rainy season. The rainy season begins in May extending until the month of July with a pause during the month of August, this generally resumes in September until the month of November when the dry season begins. This season lasts until April or May.


In all the departments of the republic there is an incessant productive activity in the agricultural, livestock, fish farming, textile, mining, among others.


The population is about 7.1 million, distributed as follows: 85% is mixed, 6% are Native American, 1% black, and 8% of race white (European and Arab).

It is among those with the highest number of annual growth in Latin America. According to the data provided by the Central American Population Center of the UNAH, the projection of growth of the Honduran population for 2010 is 8,202,681 residents.

Honduras; It is like all of Latin America a multiethnic and multicultural complex, it is also home to a significant Palestinian community.

Official language

The different ethnic groups that are part of its population make it a multilingual country. Five of the seven ethnic groups in the country still retain their respective languages.

It is estimated that 95% of the island population communicates primarily through the Spanish language. For reasons like the latter, the Government of the Republic of Honduras, through Article 6, of the Constitution establishes that “The official language of Honduras is Spanish. The state will protect its purity and increase its teaching.”


It is a multi-ethnic country, therefore it is a multicultural country. The conglomeration of ethnic groups is what finally contributes to the richness of the country’s culture together with the incorporation and contributions of recent immigrant groups that have enriched the cultural conglomerate from the Caribbean Afro-American groups that arrived in 1797 to the Chinoid or Arabian groups. which were incorporated with the arrival of the banana companies and their enclave economyat the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.


The most prominent painters he has had are: José Antonio Velásquez and Carlos Garay. Velásquez, was recognized as the first primitivist painter in America. He exhibited his works in the United States and Latin America, as well as in a good number of countries in Europe and Asia.

Honduras Geography