German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) Part II

German Democratic Republic 2

Districts of the GDR

Districts of the GDR (as of 1970)
capital Berlin
Rostock
Schwerin
Neubrandenburg
Potsdam
Frankfurt
cottbus
Magdeburg
Hall
Erfurt
Gera
Suhl
Dresden
Leipzig
Karl Marx City

Because of their obligation to implement the SED’s resolutions, the fact that they were bound by instructions, limited budgetary and planning powers and often unclear competencies, the local organs of state power had little room for maneuver of their own.

German Democratic Republic: Administrative division

GDR: administrative structure (end of 1988)
Administrative units Area(in km 2) Ew. (in 1,000) Ew.(per km2) Affiliation of the rural districts (LK), urban districts and districts after municipal territorial reforms 1993-96(generalized) country
Capital Berlin *) 403 1,284.5 3 187 State of Berlin
Cottbus district 8 262 884.7 107 State of Brandenburg, z. T. Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt
Counties:
Bad Liebenwerda 600 53.9 90 to LK Elbe-Elster Bbg.
Calau 618 57.0 92 to the district of Oberspreewald-Lausitz Bbg.
cottbus 727 43.5 60 to the district Spree-Neisse Bbg.
Finsterwalde 645 56.1 87 to LK Elbe-Elster Bbg.
Forest 307 38.9 127 to the district Spree-Neisse Bbg.
Guben 381 43.4 114 to the Lk Spree-Neisse Bbg.
Herzberg 667 36.8 55 to LK Elbe-Elster, a gem. in LK Teltow-Fläming Bbg.
Hoyerswerda 668 111.7 167 to LK Kamenz and LK Niederschles. Oberlausitzkreis and the independent city of Hoyerswerda Sat
Jessen 621 33.6 54 to the district of Wittenberg Sat-Anh.
Luebben 806 32.4 40 to the district of Dahme-Spreewald Bbg.
Luckau 703 29.5 42 to the district of Dahme-Spreewald, Dahme and Amt Dahme to the district of Teltow-Fläming Bbg.
Senftenberg 598 115.1 192 to the district of Oberspreewald-Lausitz Bbg.
Spremberg 349 43.1 123 to the district Spree-Neisse Bbg.
White water 525 61.2 117 to the LK Niederschles. Oberlausitzkreis Sat
City district:
cottbus 48 128.6 2,679 Independent city of Cottbus Bbg.
Dresden district 6 738 1,757.4 261 State of Saxony
Counties:
Bautzen 690 127.3 184 to the new district Bautzen Sat
Bischofswerda 316 65.7 208 to LK Bautzen, Großröhrsdorf and Pulsnitz as well as four Gem. to LK Kamenz Sat
Dippoldiswalde 458 44.7 98 to the LK Weißeritzkreis Sat
Dresden 357 106.8 299 to LK Kamenz, LK Meißen-Radebeul and LK Sächs. Switzerland Sat
Freital 314 79.9 254 to LK Weißeritzkreis, Wilsdruff and a Gem. to LK Meißen-Radebeul Sat
Gorlitz 359 29.1 81 to the LK Niederschles. Oberlausitzkreis, Ostritz and a Gem. On LK Löbau-Zittau Sat
Grossenhain 453 42.4 94 to the new LK Riesa-Großenhain Sat
Kamenz 617 61.3 99 to the new LK Kamenz Sat
Löbau 400 97.5 244 to the LK Löbau-Zittau, three Gem. to the LK Bautzen Sat
Meissen 506 116.4 230 to the district of Meißen-Radebeul Sat
Niesky 521 39.1 75 to the LK Niederschles. Oberlausitzkreis Sat
Pirna 519 112.1 216 to the LK Sächs. Switzerland Sat
Riesa 369 98.3 266 to the district of Riesa-Großenhain Sat
Sebnitz 351 52.0 148 to the LK Sächs. Switzerland Sat
Zittau 256 89.1 348 to the LK Löbau-Zittau Sat
City districts:
Dresden 226 518.1 2 292 Independent city of Dresden (capital of the state of Saxony and administrative seat of a regional district) Sat
Gorlitz 26th 77.6 2,985 independent city of Görlitz Sat
District of Erfurt 7 349 1,240.4 169 State of Thuringia
Counties:
Apolda 243 48.9 201 to the LK Weimarer Land Door
Arnstadt 502 66.6 133 to the Ilm-Kreis, a Gem. to the LK Gotha Door
Eisenach 708 115.6 163 to the district of Wartburg Door
Erfurt 535 47.6 89 for LK Sömmerda, Gotha LK and LK Weimar country, some Acc. to the independent city of Erfurt, a Gem. on LK Ilmkreis Door
Gotha 768 143.8 187 to the new LK Gotha Door
Heiligenstadt 385 43.5 113 to the LK Eichsfeld Door
Langensalza 507 46.6 92 for LK Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, five. According to LK Wartburgkreis, two to a Gem. united, for LK Gotha Door
Mulhouse 574 91.7 160 to the district Unstrut-Hainich district Door
Nordhausen 714 109.8 154 LK Nordhausen Door
Sömmerda 556 66.9 120 to the new LK Sömmerda Door
Sondershausen 598 54.5 91 to the LK Kyffhäuserkreis Door
Weimar 543 45.3 83 for LK Weimar area, eight Gem. for independent town Weimar Door
Worbis 558 76.1 136 to the LK Eichsfeld Door
City districts:
Erfurt 106 220.0 2 075 City of Erfurt (capital of the State of Thuringia) Door
Weimar 51 63.4 1 243 independent city of Weimar Door
Frankfurt district 7 186 713.8 99 country Brandenburg
Counties:
Angermünde 915 34.7 38 to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Bad Freienwalde 588 37.2 63 to the district of Märkisch-Oderland, two gems to the district of Barnim Bbg.
Beeskow 941 37.1 39 for LK Oder-Spree, a Gem., as well as city and office Lieberose on LK Dahme-Spreewald Bbg.
Bernau 758 73.1 96 to LK Barnim Bbg.
Eberswalde 714 82.3 115 to LK Barnim, a Gem. to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Eisenhuettenstadt 537 20.3 38 to the LK Oder-Spree Bbg.
Fürstenwalde 924 105.9 115 for LK Oder-Spree, one each Gem. on LK Oderland and LK Dahme-Spreewald Bbg.
Seelow 842 39.8 47 to the district of Märkisch-Oderland Bbg.
Strausberg 689 90.2 131 to the district of Märkisch-Oderland Bbg.
City districts:
Eisenhuettenstadt 54 53.0 982 to the LK Oder-Spree Bbg.
Frankfurt / Oder 148 87.9 594 independent city of Frankfurt (Oder) Bbg.
Schwedt / Oder 76 52.4 690 to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Gera district 4 004 742.0 185 State of Thuringia, z. T. Saxony
Counties:
Eisenberg 242 34.2 141 to the district of Saale-Holzland Door
Gera 470 58.6 125 for LK Greiz, some Acc. to the independent city Gera Door
Greiz 228 56.3 247 to the new LK Greiz, Door.
Elsterberg and some Gem. To the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Jena 367 34.2 93 for LK Saale-Holzland, a Gem. on LK Weimar area, eight Gem. to independent city Jena Door
Praise stone 356 28.8 81 for LK Saale-Orla, Lehesten and four now defunct Gem. on LK Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Door
Poessneck 411 53.6 130 for LK Saale-Orla, a Gem. on LK Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Door
Rudolstadt 469 68.8 147 to the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Door
Saalfeld 337 59.6 177 to the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Door
Schleiz 455 32.3 71 for LK Saale-Orla, one each now defunct Gem. on LK Zwickau country and LK Vogtland Sat
Stadtroda 272 33.6 124 to the district of Saale-Holzland Door
Zeulenroda 263 39.3 150 to LK Greiz, Door
Pausa (Vogtl.) With three included here. According to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
City districts:
Gera 78 134.8 1 729 independent city of Gera Door
Jena 59 108.0 1 831 independent city of Jena Door
Halle district 8 771 1,776.5 203 State of Saxony-Anhalt, z. T. Thuringia
Counties:
Artern 473 55.2 117 to LK Kyffhäuserkreis, two Gem. to LK Sömmerda Door
Aschersleben 383 65.8 172 for LK Aschersleben-Staßfurt, five Gem. on LK Quedlinburg Sat-Anh.
Bernburg 389 76.7 197 to the new LK Bernburg Sat-Anh.
Bitterfeld 454 128.2 282 to the new LK Bitterfeld Sat-Anh.
Eisleben 311 70.4 226 to the LK Mansfelder Land Sat-Anh.
Graefenhainichen 465 39.6 85 for LK Wittenberg, Oranienbaum and Wörlitz and eight Gem. on LK Anhalt-Zerbst, four municipalities and two LK Bitterfeld Gem. the independent city of Dessau Sat-Anh.
Hettstedt 465 55.5 119 to the LK Mansfelder Land, five Gem. to the LK Aschersleben-Staßfurt Sat-Anh.
Hohenmölsen 178 28.2 158 to the district of Weißenfels, Stoß and three gems to the district of Burgenlandkreis Sat-Anh.
Koethen 480 78.8 164 LK Koethen Sat-Anh.
Merseburg 473 120.0 254 to the district of Merseburg-Querfurt Sat-Anh.
Naumburg 359 54.8 153 to the LK Burgenlandkreis Sat-Anh.
Nebra 307 30.1 98 for LK Burgenlandkreis, a Gem. on LK Merseburg-Querfurt Sat-Anh.
Quedlinburg 503 88.9 177 to the new district Quedlinburg, two Gem. to the district Wernigerode Sat-Anh.
Querfurt 374 32.5 87 for LK Merseburg-Querfurt, a Gem. on LK Saalkreis, three Gem. Mansfeld on LK Country Sat-Anh.
Rosslau 403 35.2 87 to the district of Anhalt-Zerbst Sat-Anh.
Hall circle 618 67.0 108 to the new LK Saalkreis Sat-Anh.
Sangerhausen 690 79.1 115 LK Sangerhausen Sat-Anh.
Weissenfels 223 65.1 292 to the new LK Weißenfels, a district of the LK Burgenlandkreis Sat-Anh.
Wittenberg 609 93.7 154 to the new district Wittenberg Sat-Anh.
Time 353 78.4 222 to the LK Burgenlandkreis Sat-Anh.
City districts:
Dessau 126 103.9 824 Independent city of Dessau (administrative seat of a regional district) Sat-Anh.
Halle / Saale 125 236.0 1 888 Independent city of Halle (Saale) and administrative seat of a regional district Sat-Anh.
Halle-Neustadt 10 93.4 9 345 incorporated into the independent city of Halle (Saale) Sat-Anh.
Karl-Marx-Stadt district (since June 1, 1990 Chemnitz) 6 009 1,859.5 309 State of Saxony
Counties:
Annaberg 382 81.6 214 to the new LK Annaberg Sat
Aue 365 118.7 325 to LK Aue-Schwarzenberg Sat
Auerbach 233 70.6 303 to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Brand-Erbisdorf 354 36.7 104 to LK Freiberg Sat
Flea 263 52.4 199 for LK Freiberg, two Gem. on LK Middle Erzgebirgskreis, a Gem. on LK Mittweida Sat
Freiberg 310 81.4 263 to the new LK Freiberg Sat
Glauchau 174 66.6 383 to the LK Chemnitzer Land, two gems to the LK Zwickauer Land Sat
Hainichen 318 65.9 207 to LK Mittweida Sat
Hohenstein-Ernstthal 134 60.3 450 to the LK Chemnitzer Land Sat
Karl-Marx-Stadt (since June 1, 1990 Chemnitz) 291 101.7 350 LK Chemnitzer Land, for LK Mittweida and LK Stollberg, a Gem. On LK Middle Erzgebirgskreis Sat
Klingenthal 236 34.6 147 to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Marienberg 434 63.4 146 to LK Middle Erzgebirgskreis, two Gem. to LK Freiberg Sat
Oelsnitz 348 38.0 109 to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Plauen 308 23.3 76 to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Reichenbach 155 55.8 360 to the LK Vogtlandkreis Sat
Rochlitz 311 49.7 160 to LK Mittweida, two Gem. to the Muldentalkreis Sat
Schwarzenberg 198 58.7 296 to LK Aue-Schwarzenberg Sat
Stollberg 196 79.3 405 to the new LK Stollberg Sat
Werdau 208 71.7 345 to the district of Zwickauer Land Sat
Zschopau 214 56.7 265 to the LK Mittlerer Erzgebirgskreis, Ehrenfriedersdorf and Thum to the LK Annaberg Sat
Zwickau 332 81.3 245 to the district of Zwickauer Land Sat
City districts:
Karl Marx City 130 311.8 2,398 City of Chemnitz (administrative seat of a regional district) Sat
Plauen 58 77.6 1 338 Independent city of Plauen Sat
Zwickau 57 121.7 2 136 independent city of Zwickau Sat
Leipzig district 4,966 1,360.9 274 State of Saxony, z. T. Thuringia
Counties:
Altenburg 345 104.7 303 LK Altenburger Land Door
Borna 364 86.5 238 for LK Leipziger Land, a Gem. on LK Muldentalkreis Sat
Delitzsch 384 55.6 145 to the new LK Delitzsch Sat
Chub 422 91.3 216 LK Chub Sat
Eilenburg 489 51.7 106 to LK Delitzsch, five Gem. to LK Torgau-Oschatz Sat
Geithain 272 35.8 132 for LK Leipziger Land, two Gem. on LK Mittweida, Bad Lausick and several Gem. on LK Muldentalkreis Sat
Grimma 457 65.3 143 to the LK Muldentalkreis Sat
Leipzig 440 134.7 306 LK Leipziger Land, several Gem. The independent city Leipzig Sat
Oschatz 458 51.5 113 to the district of Torgau-Oschatz Sat
Schmoelln 224 31.6 141 to the district of Altenburger Land Door
Torgau 612 55.9 91 to the district of Torgau-Oschatz Sat
Spice up 352 51.1 145 to the LK Muldentalkreis Sat
City district:
Leipzig 146 545.3 3 735 Independent city of Leipzig (administrative seat of a regional district) Sat
Magdeburg district 11 526 1,249.5 108 State of Saxony-Anhalt
Counties:
Castle 734 63.9 87 to LK Jerichower Land Sat-Anh.
Guards 819 39.0 48 for LK Altmarkkreis Salzwedel, Bismarck and five Gem. on Lk Stendal Sat-Anh.
Genthin 590 39.6 67 to LK Jerichower Land Sat-Anh.
Halberstadt 665 89.8 135 LK Halberstadt Sat-Anh.
Haldensleben 849 58.1 68 to the LK Ohrekreis Sat-Anh.
Havelberg 522 21.7 42 to LK Stendal, a Gem. to LK Jerichower Land Sat-Anh.
Blocks 611 29.1 48 for LK Altmarkkreis Salzwedel, Oebisfelde and six Gem. on LK Ohrekreis Sat-Anh.
Oschersleben 388 43.1 111 to the LK Bördekreis Sat-Anh.
Osterburg 1 065 45.0 42 for LK Stendal, Arendsee (Altmark) and nine Gem. on LK Altmarkkreis Salzwedel Sat-Anh.
Salzwedel 878 45.9 52 to the district Altmarkkreis Salzwedel Sat-Anh.
Schönebeck 434 85.6 197 the new LK Schoenebeck, two Gem. the independent city of Magdeburg Sat-Anh.
Staßfurt 386 69.3 180 for LK Aschersleben-Staßfurt, Güsten on LK Bernburg, Kroppenstedt on LK Bördekreis, three Gem. on LK Schoenebeck Sat-Anh.
Stendal 954 97.4 102 to the new LK Stendal, two Gem. to the LK Ohrekreis Sat-Anh.
Wanzleben 454 41.5 91 to the LK Bördekreis Sat-Anh.
Wernigerode 772 104.3 135 to the new district Wernigerode Sat-Anh.
Wolmirstedt 526 46.5 88 to the LK Ohrekreis Sat-Anh.
Zerbst 707 39.0 55 to the district of Anhalt-Zerbst Sat-Anh.
City district:
Magdeburg 172 290.6 1 689 Independent city of Magdeburg (capital of the state of Saxony-Anhalt and administrative seat of a regional district) Sat-Anh.
Neubrandenburg district 10 948 620.5 57 State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, z. T. Brandenburg
Counties:
Altentreptow 501 23.1 46 to LK Demmin Meckl.-Vorp.
Anklam 755 39.0 52 to the LK Ostvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Demmin 783 44.7 57 to the new LK Demmin Meckl.-Vorp.
Malchin 651 39.7 61 to LK Demmin, a Gem. to LK Müritz Meckl.-Vorp.
Neubrandenburg 656 27.3 42 to the district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Meckl.-Vorp.
Neustrelitz 1 243 54.9 44 to LK Mecklenburg-Strelitz, three Gem. to LK Müritz Meckl.-Vorp.
Pasewalk 844 42.6 51 to LK Uecker-Randow, Meckl.-Vorp.
Büssow and five Gem. To LK Uckermark Bbg.
Prenzlau 795 43.7 55 to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Röbel / Müritz 544 17.8 33 to the new district Müritz Meckl.-Vorp.
Strasburg 621 24.9 40 to LK Mecklenburg-Strelitz, three Gem. to LK Uecker-Randow, Meckl.-Vorp.
ten Gem. to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Templin 996 35.5 36 to LK Uckermark Bbg.
Teterow 675 31.4 47 to LK Güstrow Meckl.-Vorp.
Ueckermünde 789 51.2 65 to LK Uecker-Randow, three Gem. to LK Ostvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Were 1 009 54.1 54 to the district of Müritz Meckl.-Vorp.
City district:
Neubrandenburg 86 90.5 1 052 independent city of Neubrandenburg Meckl.-Vorp.
Potsdam district 12 568 1,123.8 89 country Brandenburg
Counties:
Belzig 913 33.3 37 to the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark Bbg.
Brandenburg 882 37.0 42 to the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark Bbg.
Gransee 945 43.9 47 to the LK Oberhavel, a Gem. to the LK Ostprignitz-Ruppin Bbg.
Jueterbog 766 36.4 48 to LK Teltow-Fläming, seven Gem. to LK Potsdam-Mittelmark Bbg.
Königs Wusterhausen 726 87.1 120 to the district of Dahme-Spreewald Bbg.
Kyritz 809 34.1 42 to LK Ostprignitz-Ruppin and LK Prignitz Bbg.
Luckenwalde 588 44.5 76 to LK Teltow-Fläming, three Gem. to LK Potsdam-Mittelmark Bbg.
Nauen 894 77.9 87 to LK Havelland Bbg.
Neuruppin 1 264 65.4 52 to the district Ostprignitz-Ruppin Bbg.
Oranienburg 857 130.8 153 to LK Oberhavel Bbg.
Potsdam 738 99.7 135 to the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark Bbg.
Pritzwalk 762 32.4 43 to the district of Prignitz, three gems to the district of Ostprignitz-Ruppin Bbg.
Rathenow 818 63.2 77 to LK Havelland Bbg.
Wittstock 574 24.6 43 to LK Prignitz and LK Ostprignitz-Ruppin Bbg.
Zossen 766 75.7 99 to LK Teltow-Fläming, a Gem. to LK Dahme-Spreewald Bbg.
City districts:
Brandenburg / Havel 167 94.9 568 independent city of Brandenburg an der Havel Bbg.
Potsdam 101 142.9 1 414 independent city of Potsdam (capital of the state of Brandenburg) Bbg.
Rostock district 7 075 916.5 130 State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Counties:
Bad Doberan 550 49.4 90 to the new LK Bad Doberan Meckl.-Vorp.
Greifswald 587 25.8 44 to the LK Ostvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Grevesmühlen 667 41.7 62 to the district of Northwest Mecklenburg Meckl.-Vorp.
Grim 632 33.9 54 to LK Nordvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Ribnitz-Damgarten 942 66.0 70 to LK Nordvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Rostock 689 39.0 57 to the district of Bad Doberan Meckl.-Vorp.
to reprimand 973 87.0 89 LK Rügen Meckl.-Vorp.
Stralsund 593 24.9 42 to LK Nordvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
Wismar 588 33.0 56 to the district of Northwest Mecklenburg Meckl.-Vorp.
Wolgast 542 59.9 111 to the LK Ostvorpommern Meckl.-Vorp.
City districts:
Greifswald 50 68.6 1 372 Independent city of Greifswald Meckl.-Vorp.
Rostock 181 254.0 1 403 Independent city of the Hanseatic City of Rostock Meckl.-Vorp.
Stralsund 39 75.5 1 936 independent city of Stralsund Meckl.-Vorp.
Wismar 41 58.1 1 416 Independent city of Wismar Meckl.-Vorp.
Schwerin district 8 672 595.2 69 State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, z. T. Brandenburg and Lower Saxony
Counties:
Bützow 502 29.5 59 to LK Güstrow, Schwaan and seven Gem. to LK Bad Doberan Meckl.-Vorp.
Gadebusch 536 24.1 45 to the district of Northwest Mecklenburg Meckl.-Vorp.
Guestrow 1 002 72.5 72 to the new LK Güstrow Meckl.-Vorp.
Hagenow 1 550 72.3 47 to LK Ludwigslust, Meckl.-Vorp.
the Neuhaus office to the LK Lüneburg district Lower.
Luebz 700 34.4 49 to LK Parchim Meckl.-Vorp.
Ludwigslust 1 160 60.5 52 to the new LK Ludwigslust Meckl.-Vorp.
Parchim 677 39.6 59 to the new LK Parchim Meckl.-Vorp.
Pearl Mountain 1 066 74.1 70 to the new LK Prignitz Bbg.
Schwerin 857 34.4 40 to LK Ludwigslust, LK Nordwestmecklenburg and LK Parchim Bbg.
Sternberg 493 23.1 47 to LK Ludwigslust and LK Northwest Mecklenburg Meckl.-Vorp.
City district:
Schwerin 130 130.7 1 005 Independent city of Schwerin (capital of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) Meckl.-Vorp.
District of Suhl 3 856 549.4 142 State of Thuringia
Counties:
bad Salzungen 622 89.7 144 to the district of Wartburg Door
Hildburghausen 697 59.2 85 to the new LK Hildburghausen Door
Ilmenau 347 68.2 197 for LK Ilmkreis, a Gem. to kreisfeien Suhl Door
Meiningen 705 69.7 99 for LK Schmalkalden-Meiningen, Römhild and four Gem. on LK Hildburghausen Door
Neuhaus am Rennweg 321 37.6 117 to LK Saalfeld-Ruldolstadt and LK Sonneberg Door
Schmalkalden 406 64.9 160 to the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen Door
Sonneberg 306 58.7 192 to the new LK Sonneberg Door
Suhl 387 45.1 117 for LK Hildburghausen, nine Gem. on LK Schmalkalden-Meiningen, a Gem. on LK Ilmkreis, three Gem. for independent town Suhl Door
City district:
Suhl 66 56, 3 854 independent city of Suhl Door
GDR 108 333 16 674.6 154
*) only Berlin (East)

Cities and municipalities in Germany, a country that belongs to European Union according to Holidaysort, formed a large number of municipal and special-purpose associations. The sovereign tasks were performed by state officials, there was no professional civil service. With the adoption of the Land Introduction Act of July 22, 1990, passed by the People’s Chamber of the GDR, the decision was made to restore state statehood, a basic demand of the democracy movement of autumn 1989.

German Democratic Republic 2