The Switzerland is located in Central Europe and borders France in the west, Germany in the north, Austria and the Principality of Liechtenstein in the east and Italy in the south. The state capital is Bern.
The Swiss Confederation is divided into three major landscapes: the Swiss Alps, the hilly Swiss plateau, that from Lake Constance to Genevalake and the Swiss Jura.
Switzerland has with the höchsten mountains in Europe on. Despite the country’s high proportion of high mountains, almost half of the country is characterized by meadows and pastures. The highest mountains are the Dufourspitze in the Monte Rosa massif at 4,634 meters on the Italian border, the cathedral at 4,545 meters, the Weißhorn at 4,507 meters and the Matterhorn at 4,477 meters.
The most popular holiday areas in Switzerland are the Enadin, the Bernese Oberland, the area around Lake Lucerne, the Valais and Ticino. The Bernese Oberland with the Jungfrau region is one of the most beautiful holiday areas in Switzerland. For a skiing holiday in Switzerland you will find all information about ski areas and winter sports locations here.
Switzerland is not only a state of mountains and the home of the famous figure Heidi, but also the land of forests. About 30 percent of the total land area is covered with forest. The dominant trees here are conifers such as spruce, fir, larch and Swiss stone pine. Forests in the Alps are useful from many different angles. Because in addition to the good climate and the impressive appearance, they also offer protection against avalanches. Bannwälder was specially created and serves as flood protection when the snowmelts or during rainy seasons. Because the forest can catch and absorb a lot of water. A lot of water seeps into the ground here before it reaches the valley. This avoids or reduces flooding.
The Ticino is also a true chestnut paradise. There are extensive chestnut forests here. These are considered landmarks and regional features of Ticino.
Because of the mountains, there are numerous microclimates in Switzerland. Most of the country, however, has a central European climate with daytime temperatures around 18 to 28 ° C in summer and -2 to 7 ° C in winter. The coldest region is the Jura, especially the Brevine Valley. In contrast, Ticino has a hot Mediterranean climate in the south.
The continental climate in the Alps shows the greatest extremes between summer and winter.
In summer it is often sunny, but this is also the time when most of the rain falls. One of the weather characteristics of sweat is the foehn, a hot, dry wind that is often perceived as unpleasant and that blows down into the valleys. The hair dryer can occur at any time of the year, but mostly in spring and autumn.
Best travel time for Switzerland
At any time of travel you will encounter many different climatic conditions in Switzerland. Switzerland can be visited all year round, the travel time naturally depends on what holiday activities are planned.
Summer lasts roughly from June to September and offers the best conditions for outdoor activities (with the exception of winter sports). Many adventure sports such as canyoning are only offered during this time. The high season is in July and August, during this time the prices are high, accommodations are often fully booked and sights are overcrowded. In the low season in April, May and October there are cheaper accommodation prices and fewer tourists. With the exception of the busy Easter holidays, spring is a good time of year to explore Switzerland’s blooming landscapes. In Ticino, the wildflowers start to bloom in March. Hikers who want to reach greater heights should be equipped for snow and ice until June (in some places even all year round).
The winter season in the alpine resorts begins in mid-December, reaches its peak around Christmas time and ends when the snow melts (usually in mid-April). Almost all ski resorts are closed between the summer and winter seasons (except where skiing on glaciers is offered).
The weather is generally fairly stable between mid-August and late October, which is a good time for hiking.