The Republic of Croatia shares borders with Slovenia and Hungary in the north, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the east and Montenegro in the extreme south. In the west and southwest forms the Adriatic sea the natural state border. The capital of Croatia is Zagreb. Visit shoefrantics.com for Croatia as a destination.
Croatia is divided into three landscape zones, the Pannonian Plain, which consists mainly of flat land, interrupted by a few low mountain ranges. The Dinaric mountain region is characterized by middle and individual high mountains and the Adriatic Coastal region consists largely of karstified areas.
Croatia’s most famous holiday region is Istria. Preferred destination for individual trips or a package tour are the coastal towns and beaches on the Adriatic. The coasts and beaches are not everything. Only a few kilometers from the sea, the region shows its original side. The warmest region is South Dalmatia, which stretches from Split to the Bay of Kotor. You can enjoy almost 300 days of sun in Dubrovnik. There are also numerous sights in the city.
Eight national parks were created to protect the country’s beautiful landscapes. In addition, there are 11 other nature parks in which there is a lower level of protection, but which are in no way inferior to the national parks of Croatia in terms of beauty and attractiveness.
There are over 450 protected areas and 79 special reserves in Croatia. This includes not only botanical protected areas but also marine and forest reserves. A visit to one or more protected areas in Croatia is highly recommended.
Currently, almost 6,000 square kilometers of the land area of the Croatian mainland are under nature protection. This corresponds to about 10 percent of the total land area. In addition, 6,129 square kilometers of water are under protection.
Croatia can basically be divided into three climatic regions:
Typical Mediterranean climate prevails at the coastal strip to Adriatic. This region is shielded towards the east by relatively high mountains. Summers are hot on the Croatian coast, while winters are mild and rainy.
In the eastern and northeastern part of Croatia, the Pannonian Plain, the climate is moderately continental with hot and dry summers and cold winters with snow.
The third Croatian climatic region is the Dinaric Alps with a Mediterranean climate in the west and a continental climate in the west.
Best travel time for Croatia
Most visitors come to Croatia between April and September. Although it is still too cold for swimming in April, the weather south of Split is already pleasantly warm. In addition, the accommodation prices are low at this time and the first festivals are taking place. May and June are good months for all outdoor activities (except skiing). During these months most of the tourists from Italy and Germany are not yet in Croatia and the accommodation prices are still cheap. At the end of May / beginning of June, numerous Croatian school classes are on excursions. Sights and accommodations can be crowded with rather noisy teenagers…
July and August are the most expensive months to travel to Croatia. Accommodation prices are highest in summer and popular attractions can be uncomfortably crowded. In the high season, however, additional boats also go to the Croatian islands.
The September is perhaps the best month to Croatia to visit: it as hot as in the summer, the sea is still warm and the school holidays are over. The prices for accommodations are back to the low season and there are freshly harvested fruits everywhere. October can be too chilly to camp, but the coast is still pleasant weather and cheap private rooms are plentiful.
Island and town of Hvar
The most visited and perhaps the sunniest island in Croatia is the island of Hvar. Its name means “The Long One” and it is one of the most interesting and beautiful islands of Croatia and is in central Dalmatia on the southern one Adriatic located. The island, which has an area of around 298 km², has a very mild Mediterranean climate. The length of the island is about 68 km and it is about 5 km wide, at the widest point, which is in the western part, Hvar reaches a width of about 11 kilometers. Today’s Hvar was founded by the in the fourth century BC Greeks, at that time the city was called Dimos.
The island of Hvar has a colorful flora and a few untouched sections of the coast that are located away from the tourist strongholds. The people of Hvar live mainly from tourism and agriculture.
Some larger places on the island are the places Stari Grad, Su? Uraj, Vrboska or Jelsa. The capital of the island is the town of Hvar. It is located in the southwest in a sheltered bay and is considered a romantic and picturesque city. Hvar has been known as a climatic spa and bathing resort since 1870.
The town of Hvar has the largest town square in all of Dalmatia. The main sights are located around the harbor. This includes the arsenal, which was built directly on the pier in 1579. A beautiful Renaissance building, namely the loggia, is directly opposite and the three-aisled Sveti Stefan Cathedral with its tall tower is at the end of the square. The latter dates from the 16th century and was built on the foundations of a former Benedictine monastery. The cathedral has an elegant bell tower and was built exclusively by local artists. The cathedral treasure is housed in the bishop’s palace next door.
The Španjol fortress towers over the city and offers a great view over the old town of Hvar and the Hell Islands. The fortress was built under the Venetians in 1557 together with Spanish soldiers. An amphora museum is now located inside the fortress. The Franciscan monastery from the 15th century is also worth seeing. There are many valuable paintings and carved choir stalls here.
The island of Hvar is always worth a trip, in June it is particularly beautiful, when the island’s trademark, lavender, blooms. This gave the island the name “Lavender Island” or “Madeira of the Adriatic”. The island has a subtropical vegetation and allows a variety of plants, especially herbs such as rosemary, to grow.
Delicious specialties of the Croatian island are the red Faros wine and the white bogdanuša, pickled anchovies, raki with figs and of course honey made from lavender or rosemary flowers.