Among Swedish culture that has given echoes
in the world are among others the film director Ingmar
Bergman, the pop group Abba and actors such as Ingrid
Bergman and Greta Garbo. Children's book author Astrid
Lindgren has become world famous through translations
into some 90 languages. In the 2000s, Swedish decks have
had a major international impact, not least through
Stieg Larsson with the Millennium Trilogy.
Sweden's oldest preserved writings are carved on
Rökstenen in Östergötland and other rune stones. The
Revelations of the Holy Birgitta of the 1300s belong to
the oldest religious literature, a genre that was common
in the Middle Ages.
Latest population statistics of Sweden, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
During the 18th century the influence of religion
diminished and cultural life flourished according to the
French model. During this century, King Gustav III
founded the Swedish Academy (which awards the Nobel
Prize in literature) as well as the Royal Theater (The
Opera) and the Royal Dramatic Theater. In the 18th
century also lived the internationally renowned
theologian and philosopher Emanuel Swedenborg, the
sculptor Tobias Sergel, the poet Carl Michael Bellman
and the scientist Carl von Linné.
By the 19th century, romance came to Sweden with
practitioners such as Esaias Tegnér and E J Stagnelius.
The 1890s brought forth several successful writers.
Among them were Selma Lagerlöf, who received the Nobel
Prize in 1909. Historically the most influential Swedish
author, August Strindberg (1849-1912), got his
breakthrough with the novel Red Room 1879.
Internationally, he is best known for his drama, with
works such as Miss Julie.
The Nobel Prize was founded around the turn of the
century by the inventor of dynamite Alfred Nobel and is
today the world's most prestigious literature prize. In
addition to Lagerlöf, it has also gone to Verner von
Heidenstam (1916), Erik Axel Karlfeldt (posthumously,
1931), Pär Lagerkvist (1951), Eyvind Johnson and Harry
Martinson (shared prize 1974), and Tomas Tranströmer
Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Sweden. Artists and albums are also included.
Recently, many established writers and poets include
Tranströmer, among others Per Olov Enquist, Sven
Delblanc, PC Jersild, Lars Gustafsson, Katarina
Frostensson, Göran Tunström, Sara Lidman, Torgny
Lindgren and Kerstin Ekman.
For the visual arts, the 1870s meant a renewal.
Well-known artists are Carl Larsson, Bruno Liljefors and
Anders Zorn. Modernism is associated with Isaac
Grünewald, Sigrid Hjertén and Nils Dardel. Of sculptors,
Carl Milles and Axel Pettersson are distinguished.
Among the artists who made their mark after the
Second World War were Öyvind Fahlström, Per Olov Ultvedt
and Barbro Östlihn, and during the last decades Cecilia
Edefalk, Jockum Nordström and Ann-Sofi Sidén.
Photographers such as Christer Strömholm, Lars Tunbjörk
and Anders Petersen have also been important during the
latter part of the 20th century and until today.
Swedish glass art became world famous in the early
1900s, when designers Simon Gate and Edvard Hald worked
at Orrefors mill. The tradition has been continued with
the names of Ulrica Hydman-Vallien and Bertil Vallien.
Among famous Swedish musicians and composers are
Franz Berwald, Wilhelm Peterson-Berger and Hugo Alfvén.
Swedish choirs and opera singers have attracted
considerable international attention over the years.
Jussi Björling and Birgit Nilsson are among the classics
of opera art. Evert Taube, Olle Adolphson and Cornelis
Vreeswijk have written and performed some of the most
popular Swedish songs.
Swedish pop music achieved an international
breakthrough with the Abba group during the 1970s. In
the 1990s, Roxette, Ace of Base and later, among others,
Cardigans and The Hives ranked high on several foreign
The world has been made aware of Swedish film by
Ingmar Bergman. The seventh seal belongs to his
first films, Fanny and Alexander, among the
latest and most internationally awarded. Roy Andersson,
as the first Swedish to date, was awarded the Gold Lion
at the Venice Film Festival 2014 for A pigeon sat on
a branch and pondered on existence. The film is the
third in a trilogy (the first two films are also
award-winning). Ruben Östlund won the Gold Palm at the
Cannes Film Festival 2017, for his film The Square.
Two other famous directors are Bo Widerberg and Lasse
Hallström. Among Swedish film actors Ingrid Bergman and
Greta Garbo are in a class of their own.
Among today's playwright, Lars Norén is a foreground
Nazis attack anti-racist demonstration
A demonstration against racism in the Stockholm
suburb of Kärrtorp is being attacked by a group of
supporters of the Nazi organization Swedish Resistance
Movement (SMR), armed with slingshots, knuckles and
burning objects. The reactions are getting strong with
protest actions against racism in several parts of the
Battle for stopped tax cuts
The opposition's attempt to tear up a decision on a
higher breaking point for state income tax leads to a
dispute over the parliamentary agenda, which is regarded
as an intermediary between the constitution and ordinary
law. The Government considers that, according to the
Riksdag, it is not possible to break out and change part
of the budget decision that was made in October. The
President therefore stops voting on the proposal. But
the opposition is then pushing for the Constitutional
Committee (KU) to take a position on the issue. KU sends
the question back to Parliament, where the red-green
parties together with the Swedish Democrats vote down
the government's tax cut.
Red green wire
Just over nine months before the parliamentary
elections, the three red-green parties are clearly
leading the Alliance in an opinion poll by Statistics
Sweden. Together, they have the support of 49.8 percent
of voters, against 39.7 percent of the four government
parties. The Swedish Democrats are the third largest
party with 9.3 percent, according to the survey.
Impaired school results
The annual Pisa study on school pupils' results is a
bleak reading for Sweden. It turns out that Swedish
15-year-olds' knowledge of mathematics, reading
comprehension and science has fallen sharply in a few
years, and more so than in all other OECD countries.
Germany-born Antje Jackelén, bishop of Lund's
diocese, wins the archbishop's election by a clear
margin, and the Swedish Church thus gets its first
female archbishop. Jackelén has been mentioned before
for questioning the virgin birth and saying that she
believes in the theory of evolution. She succeeds Anders
Wejryd in June 2014.
Obama on State Visit
US President Barachk Obama visits Sweden and
discusses, among other things, free trade and climate
issues with Prime Minister Reinfeldt.
Permanent residence permit for Syrians
The Migration Board decides that all Syrians who come
to Sweden will be allowed to stay indefinitely. Up to
8,000 Syrians in the country with temporary residence
permits now have them changed to permanent status. The
background is the severe conflict in Syria.
HD decisions favor tax savers
The Supreme Court ruled that a person who was forced
to pay a tax surcharge cannot also be sentenced to
prison, since both EU law and the European Convention
prohibit double punishment - being sentenced twice for
the same crime. HD decides that the ban on double
punishment should apply retroactively from February
2009, when the European Court of Justice established a
new practice. Hundreds of people convicted of tax
offenses can now claim a raise and claim damages from
the state. Even before HD's decision, a number of
imprisoned tax smiths have been released prematurely
since it was clear what the outcome would be.
Rwandans convicted of genocide
A 54-year-old man from Rwanda is sentenced to life
imprisonment for genocide and serious international law
violation against Tutsis in his home country. This is
the first time anyone has been convicted of genocide in
Youth ravages in Husby
The unrest erupts in the Stockholm suburb and spreads
to a number of other suburbs as well as to other cities.
The Swedish Democrats claim that the suburban riots are
a result of overly generous immigration, but the party
goes back in public opinion and gets 6.6 percent in
Sifo's voter barometer.