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South Sudan Culture and Mass Media

2020

June

New wave of violence in the east

June 25

Thousands of people are fleeing a new wave of violence between rival groups of merle and lou nuer in the Pibor region of the state of Jonglei in eastern South Sudan, the relief organization Doctors Without Borders announces that it has been forced to suspend its operations in the region since staff moved into the forest. Last May, violence between Merle and Lou Nuer led to more than 200 deaths in Pibor. Eyewitnesses describe how the warriors sit on cattle and loot and destroy property. Some describe how a third people, Dinka lives, fight on lou nuers side.

South Sudan Newspapers

  • Countryaah: Latest population statistics of South Sudan, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.

Agreement on the states

17th of June

Culture of South SudanPresident Kiir and Vice President Machar (former rebel leader) sign an agreement on how to govern the country's ten states. The SPLM, led by Kiir, is given control of six states, including the oil-rich Unity State and Central Eguatoria, which includes the capital Juba. Vice President Machar's party SPLM-O is allowed to rule in three states, including the oil-producing Upper Nile. A third party, the South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA), is in control of the state of Jonglei. Disagreement over control of the states, especially the oil-rich parts of South Sudan, has been a major obstacle on the road to peace.

May

UN sanctions are being extended

May 29th

The UN Security Council extends arms embargo on South Sudan and sanctions against individual South Sudanese until May 2021. The resolution is proposed by the United States. Twelve countries vote in favor, while Russia, China and South Africa abstain from voting.

Machar ill in covid-19

May 18

First Vice President Riek Machar has been tested positive for covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus. Machar's wife, Defense Minister Angelina Teny, has also been tested positive, as have a number of people at Machar's office and in his bodyguard. Machar is quarantined in his home for 14 days. At the time, South Sudan has 339 confirmed cases of covid-19 and six deaths from the disease. The dark figure is believed to be high as only 3,908 samples were taken in the country.

The first death in covid-19

May 14

South Sudan records its first death in covid-19 at the same time as aid organizations warn of an ongoing rapid spread of the corona virus in the country, especially in camps for internal refugees. South Sudan has 231 confirmed cases of coronavirus infected people.

Relieves the restrictions

May 7

The government relieves "within 72 hours" of restrictions imposed to curb the spread of the corona virus. Bars, shops, markets and restaurants may be kept open, and curfew shortened. Domestic flights and road and river transport are allowed again. Schools, mosques, churches and nightclubs continue to be closed, sporting events and other large crowds continue to be banned.

April

Coronapandemin reaches South Sudan

April 5

As one of the last countries in the world, South Sudan reports its first confirmed case of the covid-19 disease, caused by the new corona virus. The infected is a 29-year-old South Sudanese woman who returned home from Ethiopia on February 28.

March

Severe pandemic measures

March 25th

South Sudan faces a state of emergency and nightly curfew in an attempt to curb the spread of the new coronavirus sars-cov-2, which caused a pandemic.

Drop off from SPLM-IO

24th of March

Four high-ranking commanders within SPLM-IO leave and switch to SPLM. The sacking takes place in protest against Machar's wife, Angelina Teny, being given the post of Minister of Defense in the new assembly government. SPLM-IO appears to be weakened by internal fragmentation.

The ministerial posts are distributed

the 12th of March

After nearly three weeks of negotiations, President Kiir can present 34 ministers and 10 deputy ministers who will form the unifying government. Twenty of the ministerial posts go to the SPLM, while the SPLM-IO receives nine, including the important posts as oil minister and deputy minister of defense. Vice President Machar's wife Angelina Teny becomes South Sudan's first female defense minister. Remaining ministerial posts go to representatives of small parties. This is the third time since the South Sudan split in 2011 that the country is ruled by Kiir as president and Machar as vice president.

February

Unity government is formed

February 22

A few days before the government deadline expires, President Kiir and opposition leader Machar agree to co-govern. In order to reach the agreement, Kiir has been forced to tear down its new state reform and return from 32 states to the ten original ones. He dismisses 32 governors in connection with this. Machar's remission is to return to Juba without his private security force. When the agreement is signed, President Kiir dissolves his government, dismisses one of the four vice presidents, Taban Deng Gai, and replaces him with Riek Machar.

UN: civilians are deliberately subjected to starvation

February 20th

The government forces, militia and rebel groups have deliberately exposed civilians to starvation by preventing them from accessing emergency relief and by forcing entire communities to flee, according to a new UN inquiry examining the human rights situation in the country from September 2018, when a new peace treaty was concluded, until December 2019. According to the investigators, civilian South Sudanese are also subject to, for example, systematic persecution, arbitrary arrests and defective trials. The investigators accuse the political elite of being unaware of the enormous suffering that millions of civilians are forced to endure and for which they say they are fighting. Both the government army and the rebels are accused of recruiting child soldiers, looting the treasury and perpetrating sexual violence.

Machar rejects compromise

February 15

After pressure from the outside world, President Kiir finally agrees to abolish the country's new administrative division with 32 states. The country should return to having the original ten states. This has long been a demand from the opposition and an important reason for the contradictions that hinder real peace. However, Machar and his supporters reject the proposal the following day when it emerges that Pibor, Ruweng and Abyei will form three newly formed "administrative areas". Both Ruweng and Abyei are oil rich areas. The administrative division is important as it forms the basis for the future division of power between the two parties. The deadline for the formation of a unifying government expires on February 22. The two leaders have already missed two deadlines.

SPLM-IO releases 128 women and children

February 4th

The opposition group SPLM-IO's armed faction releases 78 women and 50 children kidnapped by the rebels in 2018, the UN announces.

 

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