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Culture

The Slovenes had never lived in an independent state until 1991, but Slovenian culture has nevertheless found its distinctive character. Around 1000, Slovenian began to be used in religious contexts. The oldest preserved examples of Latin alphabet writings in a Slavic language are the Slovenian religious texts on the Freising Monument from this time.

In the 16th century, Slovenian culture gained a boost. The Calvinist priest Primoz Trubar then translated the New Testament into Slovenian and then also wrote a Slovenian grammar.

The national call France Preseren (1800-1849) has written, among other things, the national anthem, Zdravljica. Politically, he fought the Illyrian movement that wanted to unite Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian culture and society. Josip Jurčič wrote the first novel in Slovenian 1866. After the Second World War, modernists such as the poet Anton Ingolič and Matej Bor, who write both poetry and prose as well as drama, have been most prominent.

  • Countryaah: Latest population statistics of Slovenia, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.

The theater in the Slovenian areas was long German-speaking. At the end of the 18th century, folk games were played in Slovenian, but only in the middle of the 19th century was Slovenian theater allowed to a greater extent by the ruling Habsburgs. Ivan Cankar's dramas from the turn of the century still belong to the Slovenian standard repertoire.

In the music, among other things, the industrial rock group Laibach has made great success on several European underground scenes, especially during the 1990s. At the same time, composer and rock musician Bratko Bibič became known as a modern Slovenian musician.

Culture of SloveniaOther well known names in popular music are Vlado Kreslin and the band Siddharta. Slovenian DJs have also had some success on the global stage. Most renowned of these is DJ Umek.

In 2010, Ljubljana was named the UNESCO book capital of the world. Two years later, Slovenia's second largest city, Maribor, was elected European Capital of Culture.

2014

October

Stormy about appointment of EU Commissioner

Former Prime Minister Bratušek is withdrawing his candidacy as EU Energy Commissioner following criticism from MEPs. Prime Minister Miro Cerar appoints his Minister for Development and Coordination Violeta Bulc as new candidate as Slovenian EU Commissioner. She is questioned within the government, partly because she lacks political experience, but is eventually approved as a transport commissioner.

September

New government takes office

Miro Cerar forms government with his party SMC and the retirement party Desus and the Social Democratic SD. Outgoing Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek's newly formed party Zaab has chosen to stand outside the coalition. Bratušek himself has been appointed Slovenian representative in the EU Commission and has been proposed as new energy commissioner.

July

New party wins in parliamentary elections

July 13

In the recent election to Parliament, the Slovenes show their dissatisfaction with their old corrupt and incompetent politicians by giving almost 35 percent of the vote to Justice Professor Miro Cerar and his newly formed center-left party, SMC (Miro Cerar's party), representing 36 of Parliament's 90 seats. In second place is the conservative SDS with 21 percent and 21 seats, despite the fact that leader Janez Janša has just begun serving her two-year prison sentence for bribery. Then follows the Desus retirement party with 10 mandates, the Social Democrats (SD) with 6 mandates, New Slovenia (NSI) with 5 mandates, and Alenka Bratušek's alliance (Zaab) with 4 mandates, in addition to the 2 mandates that are weighted for the ethnic minorities.

May

Civil successes in elections to the European Parliament

May 25

The right-wing parties see the greatest success in the elections to the European Parliament. Although party leader Janez Janša was recently sentenced to prison for bribery, his SDS receives almost a quarter of the vote and three of Slovenia's eight seats in parliament, while New Slovenia, NSi, and the People's Party, SLS, which come up with a joint list, receive just over 15 percent and two places. A divided left may share in the three other places, where the Social Democrats, SD, is the biggest loser: with just under 8 percent, even half of the electoral support received in the 2009 election is not reached.

Bratusek and the government resign

May 5th

Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek submits his and the government's farewell application.

April

Set judgment against Janša

April 28

A higher court in Ljubljana confirms the judgment in a district court against Janez Janša in June 2013, on two years' imprisonment for bribery in connection with a defense contract. Janša, who was forced to leave both the post of prime minister and party leader of the conservative SDS, believes the verdict is political. He intends to appeal and regrets that a quick new election would make it impossible for him to get clean and thus be able to participate in the election campaign at the head of SDS.

New elections threaten Bratušek lost party leader post

At the postponed party congress in Positive Slovenia, a majority of the delegates support Zoran Janković and Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek leave the party leader post. However, a number of leading party members support Bratušek and the party is threatened by fragmentation. The three other parties of the government coalition also declare that they do not intend to cooperate with Janković. At the same time, Bratušek declares that she cannot remain as head of government without the support of her party.

 

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