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Norway Culture and Mass Media

Culture

Norwegian culture has become internationally known through the artist Edvard Munch (1863–1944), the composer Edvard Grieg (1843–1907), the playwright Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906) and Nobel Prize-winning writers such as Sigrid Undset (1882–1949), Knut Hamsun (1859– 1952) and Bjørnstärn Bjørnson (1832-1910).

Notable authors during the 20th century are Agnar Mykle, Johan Borgen, Cora Sandel, Tarjei Vesaas and the Danish-born Aksel Sandemose. At the end of the century came a new generation of successful writers with names such as Dag Solstad and Jan Kjaerstad. Norwegian children's and youth writers have also achieved international success, the greatest success Jostein Gaarder has made with Sofie's world.

  • Countryaah: Latest population statistics of Norway, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.

In the 2000s, Per Petterson and Karl Ove Knausgård belong to the great Norwegian author names. Erlend Lo's ironically humorous novels have become popular.

Several Norwegian writers have attracted attention, including Anne Holt, Karin Fossum and international bestseller Jo Nesbø.

Liv Ullman has had success both as an actor and as a film director, including with the film Kristin Lavransdotter. Her daughter Linn Ullman has written several notable books, including "Before You Fall Asleep" and "A Blessed Child".

  • Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Norway. Artists and albums are also included.

Culture of NorwayNorwegian classical music practice has gained much appreciation internationally. A well-known classical soloist is violinist Arve Tellefsen. The young musician and singer Alexander Rybak got an international breakthrough when he won the Eurovision Song Contest with a record score in 2009.

The big name among Norwegian sculptors is Gustav Vigeland. His life's work is the gigantic sculpture facility in Frogner Park in Oslo.

Norway has distinguished itself for its explorers as polar scientists Fridtjof Nansen and Roald Amundsen. Thor Heyerdahl's journey with the Kon-Tiki Balsa fleet from Peru to Polynesia in 1947 fascinated a whole world.

2017

December

Spy suspected Norwegian is put in Russian detention

December 19

The Russian intelligence service FSB seizes a Norwegian who is suspected of spying on the US CIA and the Norwegian intelligence service. The man is detained for at least two months. The FSB must have seized the Norwegian when he received secretly stamped documents about the Russian fleet from a Russian. The Norwegian is employed by an authority that monitors laws and traffic at the Russian-Norwegian border. Relations between Russia and the Natolanden Norway are usually good, but have deteriorated since the Russian annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine 2014.

Fishing stop in the Arctic

December 3

The fishing nations around the Arctic agree to stop all commercial fishing in the Arctic waters for the time being. In line with global warming, fish stocks have decreased in size and fishing hours have begun to take new paths. During the stop, the nations will conduct joint research to find out more about the ecosystems in the area in order to eventually be able to resume fishing. The agreement includes Canada, the EU, China, Denmark (Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Iceland, Japan, Norway, South Korea, Russia and the USA.

November

Norway sues for oil exploration in the Arctic

November 14

The Norwegian state is sued in a court in Oslo by Greenpeace and Natur og Ungdom for the country in 2016 gave licenses to 13 companies to look for oil in the Barents Sea in the Arctic. The environmental organizations consider that the licenses are in violation of the international climate agreement COP 21 as well as a constitutional supplement from 2014 which states that all Norwegian citizens are entitled to a healthy environment. The Norwegian state's oil revenues have decreased during the 2000s and production of crude oil has halved since 2001. Among the 13 oil companies are Norwegian Statoil, American Chevron, Swedish Lundin and Russian Lukoil.

October

Women on the three highest ministerial posts

October 23

Prime Minister Erna Solberg appoints Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Soreide as new Foreign Minister. She is thus replacing her male representative Borge Brende, who will become the senior leader of the World Economic Forum. The change of minister means that Norway now has women in the three highest ministerial posts: Prime Minister, Minister of Finance (Siv Jensen) and Foreign Minister. The new Minister of Defense will be Frank Bakke-Jensen, whose former post as Minister for European Affairs goes to Marit Berger Rosland, a woman.

Norwegian company invests in solar power in Iran

October 17

Norwegian solar energy company Saga Energy signs an agreement with Iranian Amin Energy Developers to invest EUR 2.5 billion in Iran over the next five years. The money will be used to build solar panels in several places in the desert. Norway's ambassador to Iran, Lars Nordrum, tells media that the agreement shows that Norway takes the disarmament agreement with Iran (JCPOA) seriously. The deal is written just days after US President Trump sharpened the tone against Iran and demanded new sanctions on the country. The Norwegian solar power project is funded by a consortium of European state and private investors as well as a guarantee from the Iranian government.

September

Police chief sentenced to 21 years in prison

September 18

Eirik Jensen, chief of police responsible for combating organized crime in Oslo, is sentenced to the most severe sentence, 21 years in prison, for receiving bribes between 2004 and 2013 and helping a notorious drug dealer smuggle in a total of 14 tons of cannabis in Norway. The drug smuggler is sentenced to 15 years in prison. He receives a lower penalty as a result of stating Jensen and admitting his own crime. Jensen denies the crime and will appeal the verdict. The court ruled that Jensen received at least NOK 667,800 in bribes.

Civilian Rolling Victory

11 September

In the parliamentary elections, the four bourgeois parties Høyre, the Progress Party, the Venstre and the Christian People's Party together win 88 of 169 seats against 81 seats for the opposition. However, the opposition Labor Party becomes the largest single party with 27.4 percent of the vote. The second largest is Høyre with 25 percent, while the Progress Party comes third with just over 15 percent. The center party gets just over 10 percent, which means it almost doubles its mandate. Socialist Left also goes up to 6 percent. The Left and Christian People's Party back slightly to just over 4 percent. The environmental party De Grønne receives just over 3 percent of the vote and retains its only mandate from 2013. The left-wing Red comes into the parliament with 1 mandate by obtaining just over 2 per cent.

The result means that all four parties that have ruled Norway since 2013 are back, as is the largest opposition party. The Center Party and Socialist Left make a good choice.

It also means that Prime Minister Solberg, Høyre, will be the first Conservative prime minister since 1985 to be re-elected. Immediately after the election, Solberg invites Venstre, the Christian People's Party and the Progress Party to government negotiations.

The economy in focus in the electoral movement

September 7

The electoral movement before the parliamentary elections on September 11 mainly concerns questions about taxes and how the oil fund, which on June 30, 2017 reached a value of $ 1000 billion, should be best used. The Opposition Labor Party has said it aims to abolish two-thirds of the tax cuts implemented by the government since 2013, among other things, the tax should be increased for high-income earners. At the same time, the Labor Party wants to be more restrictive in withdrawing money from the oil fund than the current government has been. As Election Day approaches, it seems to be fairly evenly between the blocs, while the opposition has previously been ahead of the ruling parties in polls. This is probably because the Norwegian economy has improved in recent times, which has benefited the government.

April

Solberg visits China

April 7

As the first Norwegian prime minister in over a decade, Erna Solberg visits the government in Beijing. It is also the first high political exchange to take place since the diplomatic relations between Norway and China were normalized (see December 2016). During the visit, the two countries enter into a series of trade and cooperation agreements.

March

"Breivik not inhumanly treated"

March 1st

A court in Oslo, equivalent to the Swedish High Court, renders a lower court ruling that held that the mass murderer Behring Breivik was treated inhumanely by the Norwegian state when he was kept in isolation for a long time. The Court of Appeal in Oslo does not consider that the prisoner has been treated inhumanly or has been subjected to torture-like treatment. The prison where Behring Breivik is located has not made any changes to the handling of the mass murderer since the conviction in the district court. The prisoner is still in an isolation cell for the purpose of preventing him from disseminating information about his Nazi-inspired and violent manifesto to any followers.

February

The church begins to wed same-sex couples

February 1st

The Evangelical Lutheran Church adopts a new church service that allows priests who want to marry same-sex couples. In the past, pastors within the church have only been allowed to bless gay couples.

January

Hundreds of US soldiers are deployed

January 17

Three hundred US marines are stationed in Norway for the purpose of strengthening NATO's defense along the Russian border. The deployment takes place three days before Donald Trump is installed as US President. Trump has called NATO "outrageous" and said that the defense alliance should concentrate on terrorism instead of Moscow.

 

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