Norwegian culture has become internationally
known through the artist Edvard Munch (1863–1944), the
composer Edvard Grieg (1843–1907), the playwright Henrik
Ibsen (1828–1906) and Nobel Prize-winning writers such
as Sigrid Undset (1882–1949), Knut Hamsun (1859– 1952)
and Bjørnstärn Bjørnson (1832-1910).
Notable authors during the 20th century are Agnar
Mykle, Johan Borgen, Cora Sandel, Tarjei Vesaas and the
Danish-born Aksel Sandemose. At the end of the century
came a new generation of successful writers with names
such as Dag Solstad and Jan Kjaerstad. Norwegian
children's and youth writers have also achieved
international success, the greatest success Jostein
Gaarder has made with Sofie's world.
Latest population statistics of Norway, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
In the 2000s, Per Petterson and Karl Ove Knausgård
belong to the great Norwegian author names. Erlend Lo's
ironically humorous novels have become popular.
Several Norwegian writers have attracted attention,
including Anne Holt, Karin Fossum and international
bestseller Jo Nesbø.
Liv Ullman has had success both as an actor and as a
film director, including with the film Kristin
Lavransdotter. Her daughter Linn Ullman has written
several notable books, including "Before You Fall
Asleep" and "A Blessed Child".
Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Norway. Artists and albums are also included.
Norwegian classical music practice has gained much
appreciation internationally. A well-known classical
soloist is violinist Arve Tellefsen. The young musician
and singer Alexander Rybak got an international
breakthrough when he won the Eurovision Song Contest
with a record score in 2009.
The big name among Norwegian sculptors is Gustav
Vigeland. His life's work is the gigantic sculpture
facility in Frogner Park in Oslo.
Norway has distinguished itself for its explorers as
polar scientists Fridtjof Nansen and Roald Amundsen.
Thor Heyerdahl's journey with the Kon-Tiki Balsa fleet
from Peru to Polynesia in 1947 fascinated a whole world.
Spy suspected Norwegian is put in Russian detention
The Russian intelligence service FSB seizes a
Norwegian who is suspected of spying on the US CIA and
the Norwegian intelligence service. The man is detained
for at least two months. The FSB must have seized the
Norwegian when he received secretly stamped documents
about the Russian fleet from a Russian. The Norwegian is
employed by an authority that monitors laws and traffic
at the Russian-Norwegian border. Relations between
Russia and the Natolanden Norway are usually good, but
have deteriorated since the Russian annexation of the
Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine 2014.
Fishing stop in the Arctic
The fishing nations around the Arctic agree to stop
all commercial fishing in the Arctic waters for the time
being. In line with global warming, fish stocks have
decreased in size and fishing hours have begun to take
new paths. During the stop, the nations will conduct
joint research to find out more about the ecosystems in
the area in order to eventually be able to resume
fishing. The agreement includes Canada, the EU, China,
Denmark (Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Iceland,
Japan, Norway, South Korea, Russia and the USA.
Norway sues for oil exploration in the Arctic
The Norwegian state is sued in a court in Oslo by
Greenpeace and Natur og Ungdom for the country in 2016
gave licenses to 13 companies to look for oil in the
Barents Sea in the Arctic. The environmental
organizations consider that the licenses are in
violation of the international climate agreement COP 21
as well as a constitutional supplement from 2014 which
states that all Norwegian citizens are entitled to a
healthy environment. The Norwegian state's oil revenues
have decreased during the 2000s and production of crude
oil has halved since 2001. Among the 13 oil companies
are Norwegian Statoil, American Chevron, Swedish Lundin
and Russian Lukoil.
Women on the three highest ministerial posts
Prime Minister Erna Solberg appoints Defense Minister
Ine Eriksen Soreide as new Foreign Minister. She is thus
replacing her male representative Borge Brende, who will
become the senior leader of the World Economic Forum.
The change of minister means that Norway now has women
in the three highest ministerial posts: Prime Minister,
Minister of Finance (Siv Jensen) and Foreign Minister.
The new Minister of Defense will be Frank Bakke-Jensen,
whose former post as Minister for European Affairs goes
to Marit Berger Rosland, a woman.
Norwegian company invests in solar power in Iran
Norwegian solar energy company Saga Energy signs an
agreement with Iranian Amin Energy Developers to invest
EUR 2.5 billion in Iran over the next five years. The
money will be used to build solar panels in several
places in the desert. Norway's ambassador to Iran, Lars
Nordrum, tells media that the agreement shows that
Norway takes the disarmament agreement with Iran (JCPOA)
seriously. The deal is written just days after US
President Trump sharpened the tone against Iran and
demanded new sanctions on the country. The Norwegian
solar power project is funded by a consortium of
European state and private investors as well as a
guarantee from the Iranian government.
Police chief sentenced to 21 years in prison
Eirik Jensen, chief of police responsible for
combating organized crime in Oslo, is sentenced to the
most severe sentence, 21 years in prison, for receiving
bribes between 2004 and 2013 and helping a notorious
drug dealer smuggle in a total of 14 tons of cannabis in
Norway. The drug smuggler is sentenced to 15 years in
prison. He receives a lower penalty as a result of
stating Jensen and admitting his own crime. Jensen
denies the crime and will appeal the verdict. The court
ruled that Jensen received at least NOK 667,800 in
Civilian Rolling Victory
In the parliamentary elections, the four bourgeois
parties Høyre, the Progress Party, the Venstre and the
Christian People's Party together win 88 of 169 seats
against 81 seats for the opposition. However, the
opposition Labor Party becomes the largest single party
with 27.4 percent of the vote. The second largest is
Høyre with 25 percent, while the Progress Party comes
third with just over 15 percent. The center party gets
just over 10 percent, which means it almost doubles its
mandate. Socialist Left also goes up to 6 percent. The
Left and Christian People's Party back slightly to just
over 4 percent. The environmental party De Grønne
receives just over 3 percent of the vote and retains
its only mandate from 2013. The left-wing Red comes into
the parliament with 1 mandate by obtaining just over 2
The result means that all four parties that have
ruled Norway since 2013 are back, as is the largest
opposition party. The Center Party and Socialist Left
make a good choice.
It also means that Prime Minister Solberg, Høyre,
will be the first Conservative prime minister since 1985
to be re-elected. Immediately after the election,
Solberg invites Venstre, the Christian People's Party
and the Progress Party to government negotiations.
The economy in focus in the electoral movement
The electoral movement before the parliamentary
elections on September 11 mainly concerns questions
about taxes and how the oil fund, which on June 30, 2017
reached a value of $ 1000 billion, should be best used.
The Opposition Labor Party has said it aims to abolish
two-thirds of the tax cuts implemented by the government
since 2013, among other things, the tax should be
increased for high-income earners. At the same time, the
Labor Party wants to be more restrictive in withdrawing
money from the oil fund than the current government has
been. As Election Day approaches, it seems to be fairly
evenly between the blocs, while the opposition has
previously been ahead of the ruling parties in polls.
This is probably because the Norwegian economy has
improved in recent times, which has benefited the
Solberg visits China
As the first Norwegian prime minister in over a
decade, Erna Solberg visits the government in Beijing.
It is also the first high political exchange to take
place since the diplomatic relations between Norway and
China were normalized (see December 2016).
During the visit, the two countries enter into a series
of trade and cooperation agreements.
"Breivik not inhumanly treated"
A court in Oslo, equivalent to the Swedish High
Court, renders a lower court ruling that held that the
mass murderer Behring Breivik was treated inhumanely by
the Norwegian state when he was kept in isolation for a
long time. The Court of Appeal in Oslo does not consider
that the prisoner has been treated inhumanly or has been
subjected to torture-like treatment. The prison where
Behring Breivik is located has not made any changes to
the handling of the mass murderer since the conviction
in the district court. The prisoner is still in an
isolation cell for the purpose of preventing him from
disseminating information about his Nazi-inspired and
violent manifesto to any followers.
The church begins to wed same-sex couples
The Evangelical Lutheran Church adopts a new church
service that allows priests who want to marry same-sex
couples. In the past, pastors within the church have
only been allowed to bless gay couples.
Hundreds of US soldiers are deployed
Three hundred US marines are stationed in Norway for
the purpose of strengthening NATO's defense along the
Russian border. The deployment takes place three days
before Donald Trump is installed as US President. Trump
has called NATO "outrageous" and said that the defense
alliance should concentrate on terrorism instead of