Newspapers in Nepal
Newspaper distribution in Nepal is low (12 newspaper excl. Per 1,000
residents, 2000). There are about thirty daily newspapers, of which Gorkhapatra
(about 75,000 copies) in Nepali, Nepali Hindi Daily (about 60,000 copies) in
Hindi and Rising Nepal (about 20,000 copies) in English are the largest. The
press was previously state-controlled, but since 1990 the constitution basically
guarantees freedom of the press. The majority of the press is in various ways
linked to the political parties.
State Radio Nepal is the only radio station and with its broadcasts
in Nepali and English reaches about 90% of the population. State Nepalese
Television Corporation broadcasts in one channel. Since 1994, a company has
been transmitting satellite TV over Kathmandu. There are 39 radio and 7 TV
receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
Religion is expressed in all parts of
cultural life. The motives are derived from both
Hinduism and Buddhism. There are many famous Buddhist
temples, as well as memorials from Buddha's own time.
The craftsmanship and architecture of the New People
flourished between the 9th and 16th centuries and can be
seen in temples and other shrines in the capital,
Kathmandu and its surroundings. From the 18th century,
Nepal experienced a cultural decline, but after the fall
of the Ranad dynasty in 1951 (see Modern History) a
cultural rebirth was encouraged. King Mahendra
(1955-1972) did much to revive art and literature.
Latest population statistics of Nepal, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
Many temples, stupas and other religious or cultural
buildings were destroyed in the 2015 earthquake in
Kathmandu Valley (see further Modern History and Current
There is a small film industry sometimes called
Kollywood or Kaliwood. For Nepal public policy, please
New map teases India
The Government of Nepal is publishing a new controversial map that includes
areas that even India claims. India calls Nepal's claim in the area
"unsustainable". Tensions between the two countries have risen rapidly since
India opened a new path from Indian Uttarakhand to the disputed passport Lipu
Lekh. The passport is Nepali on the new map, as are a few other areas that India
claims. Parliament has previously approved the map. Road construction has in
recent weeks led to protest demonstrations in Nepal.
Death shooting at the border with India
Nepalese border police shoot at a group of about 30 Indians who violate the
border with Nepal in the Sarlahi district in the south. According to police, one
man is killed and two injured. The police must have shot at the Indians since
they attacked the guards with stones and also stole a rifle. Three Nepalese
border police are also injured. The incident is one in a series of similar
incidents that have occurred along the Indian-Nepalese border since Nepal closed
the border at the outbreak of the corona pandemic in March. The increased
tensions between the two countries are also due to India opening a new
contentious road across the border.
The first death in covid-19
Nepal reports its first confirmed death in covid-19, while the country notes
281 cases of confirmed corona-infected residents. The deceased was a 29-year-old
woman who gave birth to a child ten days earlier. She died on her way to the
hospital. The whole of Nepal has been shut down since March 24.
Protests against Indian road construction
Nepal lodges a formal protest against India opening a new stretch of road
from the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh to China. The eight-mile road to the Lipu
Lekh mountain pass in the Himalayas passes through an area claimed by Nepal.
Despite the coronary restrictions, people gather for protest demonstrations in
Kathmandu, including outside India's embassy. About 40 people are arrested.
HD: guest workers have to come home
The Supreme Court orders the government to assist Nepalese guest workers who
are stuck abroad where they lost their jobs due to the corona pandemic. Until
now, the government of Kathmandu has not allowed migrant workers to return to
Nepal for fear of spreading infection. Up to 2.6 million Nepalese are estimated
to be located in the Persian Gulf countries, in Malaysia and in South Korea,
where they lost their jobs due to quarantine rules and closed jobs.
Measures against coronary pandemic
24th of March
Nepal shuts down large parts of the country in an effort to prevent the
spread of the new corona virus, which has caused a pandemic. Residents are
encouraged to stay home if they do not have to do the necessary tasks such as
purchasing food and medicines.
Ex-President is exempt from rape
Former Speaker of the House of Representatives, Krishna Bahadur Mahara of the
ruling Communist Party of ULM, is acquitted in court of the charges of rape (see
October 2019). Mahara was forced to resign as President after
being accused of rape by an employee of Parliament, but he retained his place in
the House of Commons. The acquittal comes after the claimant withdraws his