Montenegrin and Serbian culture are largely
intertwined, but in connection with the Montenegrin
independence movement in the 21st century, more and more
Montenegrins claimed their cultural distinctiveness.
They emphasized that they not only have their own
language but also their own Montenegrin culture and
history separate from the Serbian.
In the mid-19th century, the Bergkransen - the
Serbian national epic written by Montenegro's Principal
Bishop Petar II Petrović Njegoš - was widely circulated.
Recent Montenegrin writers include the prolific Borislav
Pekić, whose novel A Lifeguard's Defense Figure is
available in Swedish (2003).
Latest population statistics of Montenegro, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
When literacy was not yet so widespread, troubadours
wandered around and performed long poems about dramatic
events to accompany a one-string gusle or flute. Today's
Montenegrins like to listen to singers like Sergej
jetković and Rambo Amadeus (both can be heard on Spotify
online) - the latter was Montenegro's representative in
2011 in the popular Eurovision Song Contest.
In the many monasteries and churches you will find
beautiful old frescoes and icons. Contemporary artists,
such as the surrealist Dado –jurić and Petar Lubarda,
who, among other things, depict Montenegrin history in
large oil paintings, can be seen at the art museum in
the old capital Cetinje or at the city museum in
Montenegrin film is not yet well developed, but at
the Balkan Film Festival, which was performed in several
places in Sweden in early 2013, two Montenegrin films
were shown: The local vampire, a black comedy by Branko
Baletić (2011) and the action movie Spader ace (Drasko
Cooperation on lost war victims
Montenegro is one of five countries to sign an agreement to work together to
identify victims of the 1990s war in former Yugoslavia. Around 12,000 of the
40,000 reported missing after the war have still not been found, according to
the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP), a non-profit
organization that contributes in the identification work with DNA samples and
information exchange. The ICMP chief calls the agreement an investment in peace
and stability and notes that it is especially important in the current era of
"populism and nationalism". In addition to Montenegro, Bosnia, Kosovo, Croatia
and Serbia are included in the agreement.
Journalist Olivera Lakić is shot in the leg outside his home in Podgorica by
unknown perpetrators. Lakić has been a long-standing reporter for the Vijesti
newspaper, which takes a critical stance on the president. Lakić has been
attacked and threatened before and has had police protection for several years.
She writes, among other things, about the illegal tobacco industry in
Ðukanović elected president
Milo Ðukanović wins the presidential election in the first round with 54
percent of the vote, against 33 percent for second Mladen Bojanić and 8 percent
for third Draginja Vuksanović (SD). Ðukanović, who belongs to the dominant
socialist party DPS, supports a predominantly Western-friendly line. Bojanić is
an independent candidate, supported by an opposition alliance with a more
Russia-oriented orientation. Ðukanović has been Prime Minister of Montenegro on
several occasions, both when it was linked to Serbia and after independence in
2006. The turnout is 64 percent.
Explosion attack near journalist's home
A car bomb explodes near a journalist's home in Bijelo Polje. The journalist
is known for investigative journalism on corruption and organized crime. The car
bomb is the seventh in a month, triggering widespread social media protests.
Crime levels have been high for a long time, but the ongoing wave of violence
with multiple gang murders and assassination fires has also caused refuted
Montenegrins to protest.
Ðukanović candidate in the presidential election
Milo Ðukanović announces that he will stand in the presidential election on
April 15, with the unanimous support of the Socialist Party's board. The main
opponent is Mladen Bojanić, who is an independent candidate but is supported by
the Democratic Front and two other opposition parties. Ðukanović has dominated
politics in Montenegro for decades and resigned several times, most recently in
the 2016 parliamentary elections.
Presidential elections announced in April
The President announces that the presidential election will be held on April
15, with a possible second round two weeks later. The incumbent President Filip
Vujanović, who has served two terms of office since independence in 2006 and
cannot stand for re-election.