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Mexico Mass Media

The most popular media in Mexico are TV, radio and the Internet, while daily newspaper reading is low. Freedom of expression and expression are guaranteed in the Constitution of 1917 and advance censorship is prohibited. Self-censorship is common, especially when it comes to monitoring organized crime, but also when it comes to, for example, corruption in politics and administration.

The country is considered one of the world's most dangerous for journalists (2013) and since the beginning of the 2000s, hundreds of reporters and photographers have been murdered or reported missing. In most cases, drug cartels are considered guilty, but very few murders have been cleared up. Even bloggers who have watched the drug war have been threatened or murdered.

TV and radio

Mexico Mass MediaCommercial TV is dominated by two actors, Televisa (founded in 1955) and TV Azteca (former state IMEVISION which was privatized in 1993). Together they have almost 90% of the market. Televisa, which is owned by three families, is the Spanish-speaking world's largest media company. The parent company Grupo Televisa owns, among other things. magazine publisher Editorial Televisa, which publishes about 20 magazines in 20 countries, 17 radio stations and booklets by Iusacell, the country's third largest mobile operator. Televisa has close ties with PRI, the dominant party, and the company is often accused of bias in its news broadcasts.

In the radio market, the same owner concentration does not exist. There are approximately 1,400 local and regional radio stations, most of which are commercial.

Daily press and magazine

There are about 300 daily newspapers, most of them local, but the spread is small, 66 copies. per 1,000 residents (2012). The largest are Reforma, El Universal and La Prensa, all headquartered in Mexico City. Unlike in Europe and North America, the total circulation for the daily press has increased in recent years.

Several free magazines have established themselves since 2000, including Publimetro, which is the largest with a circulation of about 250,000 items. (2013). Publimetro is part of Metro International, a group in the Swedish Stenbecks sphere.

The magazine market is small in relation to the crowd, but there are dozens of magazines and magazines focusing on culture and politics, including Nexos (founded 1978), Proceso (1976) and Zeta (1980). Zeta, headquartered in Tijuana near the US border, has attracted attention far beyond Mexico for its fearless surveillance of drug cartels and political corruption. Two of the magazine's reporters have been murdered for their reporting and the magazine's editor-in-chief and CEO Adela Navarro Bello (born 1968), who received several international awards for his journalism, lives under constant surveillance of bodyguards from the army.

Internet and mobile telephony

With around 40 million Internet users, Mexico has the most connected residents of the Spanish-speaking world and its use is increasing rapidly as more and more people use mobile broadband. The most popular sites are Google, Facebook, YouTube and Windows Live (2013).

Among the five mobile operators with their own networks, Telcel, owned by the businessman Carlos Slim, has a dominant position. The second largest is Movistar, owned by Spanish Telefónica.

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