In Lesotho there are rock paintings from
prehistoric times. They are made by the San people
(formerly called Bushmen). In our day, lesbian women
often paint their houses on the outside with earth tones
in geometric patterns. Weaving has ancient traditions
and Lesothic imagery is now manufactured for export.
Traditional music is similar to that of other
countries in southern Africa and consists mainly of
alternating songs to accompaniment of drums and stringed
instruments. Modern pop music in Lesotho has also
included elements of traditional music. Some Christian
communities have also woven indigenous musical forms
into their hymns.
Latest population statistics of Lesotho, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
Regional peace force in place
The regional cooperation organization SADC is
deploying a peacekeeping force of just over 250 people
in Lesotho. The decision to establish the force, called
Sapmil, was made after the assassination of the army
chief in September. The soldiers will primarily stay for
six months. Seven countries contribute: Angola, Malawi,
Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Former army chief in detention
Former army chief Tlali Kamoli is remanded in custody
and charged a few days later for murder and a number of
attempted murder. The prosecution relates to events in
connection with what appears to have been a failed coup
attempt in 2014 (see August 2014). The
unrest erupted after Kamoli was dismissed from his post.
The army chief murdered
The country's army chief, Khoantle Motsomotso, is
shot dead by two officers who break into his office. The
attackers killed by Motsomoto's bodyguards were accused
of killing a former army chief in 2015, Maaparankoe
Mahao. The regional cooperation organization SADC had
demanded that they be brought to justice for the
assassination of Mahao, a thought that met strong
opposition from the former head of government Pakalitha
Mosisili and part of the military elite in the country.
Opposition leaders flee abroad
Mothetjoa Metsing, leader of the opposition party
Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD), says he fears for
his life and flees to South Africa. Metsing leaves the
country a few days after the LCD's deputy leader,
Tseliso Mokhosi, was arrested for murdering a policeman
in 2016. Mokhosi's family says he was tortured in
custody. A spokesman for LCD says that Metsing feared
that he too would be arrested and tortured. Between
Metsing and and Prime Minister Thomas Thabane there are
contradictions since old. In 2014, Thabane fled to South
Africa after what appeared to be a coup attempt against
him that he accused Metsing of being behind.
The Prime Minister's Office was eavesdropped
An investigation is being conducted to examine how it
is possible that interception equipment was placed under
Prime Minister Thomas Thabane's desk. It is also
revealed that Thabane's wife's car was equipped with a
New coalition government takes office
Thomas Thabane becomes prime minister at the head of
a coalition government between his Allbasothian
Convention (ABC) party and the election four, the
relatively new Democratic Alliance Party (AD), as well
as the two small parties Basotho National Party (GDP)
and Lesotho's Reformed Congress (RCL).
The election leads to a shift in power
27 parties and 40 candidates are running in the new
election. It is won by the Allbasothian Convention (ABC)
which receives 48 of the 120 seats. The former ruling
party Democratic Congress (DC) ends on 30 terms. The DC
leader and Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili submit
New election announced for June
The government loses a vote of confidence in
Parliament. Prime Minister Mosisili now has the choice
of resigning or announcing new elections. After just
over a week, new elections are announced until June 3.
Refugee former head of government back
Former Prime Minister Thomas Thabane and two other
opposition leaders return to Lesotho from their exile.
The three intend to put the government ahead of a vote
of confidence since the government lost its majority in