Colonialism severely disrupted indigenous
cultures, but in some villages traditional crafts are
still practiced, mainly wood carving. In addition, some
ethnic groups usually use their land in a traditional
Among Honduras authors is the poet Juan Ramón Molina
(1875-1908), who was the representative of Spanish
American modernism in the country. Other prominent poets
are Clementina Suarez (1903–1991), Amanda Castro
(1962–2010) and Roberto Sosa (1930–2011). Among the
living poets Oscar Acosta is one of the best known, but
the younger Alejandra Flores Bermúdez should also be
Latest population statistics of Honduras, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
Honduras most well-known artist is José Antonio
Velásquez (1906–1983), who is regarded as the American
continent's first representative of primitivism in the
arts. A young film director, Juan Carlos Fanconi (1979–)
should be mentioned for a couple of successful, science
fiction films on the American continent, including Almas
de la media noche and El Xendra.
New request to annul the election
Former President Manuel Zelaya formally requests that the electoral authority
annul Hernández's re-election, citing fraud. At the same time, the Foreign
Ministry rejects a request from the regional cooperation organization OAS that
the election should be made, and to send an expert group to investigate at least
twelve deaths in connection with the protests. The opposition alliance states
that 34 people have been killed.
Nasralla backs from demands for victory
Honduras seems to be stepping back from an emergency crisis when Salvador
Nasralla, President Juan Orlando Hernández's challenger in the presidential
election, says he is no longer aspiring for the presidential post. Nasralla
points out that the United States has explicitly given Hernández support.
The opposition says yes to dialogue
Defeated presidential candidate Salvador Nasralla accepts an invitation to
speak with President Juan Orlando Hernández. In a TV talk, Hernández says he
wants to reach a national peace and security agreement for all citizens, while
Nasralla says in another TV channel that he obviously wants to participate in a
Hernández is awarded rolling victory
Three weeks after the election, the TSE Election Authority states that Juan
Orlando Hernández won the presidential election. According to TSE, the incumbent
president won by 1.53 percentage points over challenger Salvador Nasralla. EU
observers say there is no evidence of election fraud in connection with the new
recalculation carried out.
Military is deployed against protesters
Soldiers and police raid barricades on the roads and drive away protesters
who obeyed opposition candidate Nasrallah's calls for continued protests after
the election. No victors have yet been proclaimed, despite the fact that the
electoral authority has recalculated votes from a quarter of the polling
stations and states that the reported result stands. Nasralla said at a press
conference that the opposition has evidence that cheating occurred at around
one-third of the polling stations.
The opposition calls for a re-election of the presidential election
Two weeks after the election, the Opposition Alliance against the
dictatorship formally requests that the presidential election be annulled,
citing that it was rigged to President Hernández's favor. At the same time, the
Election Authority TSE has launched a new recalculation of votes from almost
5,000 ballots, following a request from the regional cooperation organization
OAS. The Liberal Party, which is not part of the alliance, has demanded that the
results be annulled also for the congressional and local elections.
Amnesty sounds alarm about violence
Amnesty International warns that the state is using "dangerous and illegal"
tactics to silence opponents in the aftermath of the election. According to the
human rights organization, 14 people have been killed, most of them by gunshot
injuries, in connection with protests that have been largely peaceful.
The police refuse to follow the president's orders
The national police, including elite forces, state that they intend to refuse
to comply with the curfew. The police remain passive until the political crisis
has been resolved and do not want to "choose sides", it says. Several spokesmen
say the police cannot oppress the people and violate its rights. Election
supervisors from the regional cooperation organization OAS state that
"irregularities, errors and systematic problems" with the presidential election
mean that the result is uncertain.
Hernández is looking for conversion, tense position
After recalculating 6 percent of the vote, the electoral authority states
that Nasralla received 42.98 percent of the vote, compared with 41.39 for
Nasralla. Despite this, the authority does not formally declare a winner, as
more re-examinations may be forthcoming. The opposition has demanded that far
more votes be recalculated and does not recognize the recalculation made. About
ten people have been killed and hundreds arrested in connection with protests.
Nasralla has called on the military to rebel. The government has introduced
emergency permits for ten days and curfew prevails at night to stop the
Hernández is said to be victorious, violent protests
When all votes are counted, President Juan Orlando Hernández is reportedly
victorious with 42.9 percent of the vote, against 41.4 percent for Salvador
Nasralla. But a number of disputed votes must be recalculated. Supporters of
Nasralla protest on the streets of Tegucigalpa and clash with the riot police.
Nasralla accuses the Electoral Court (TSE) of cheating. The suspicion is great
against the TSE - partly because the court is appointed by Congress, which is
controlled by the Nationalist Party, and partly because the clear leadership
that Nasralla had initially disappeared. The slow vote count is also questioned,
and the entire process stalled for 36 hours since the first interim report was
published. According to TSE, it was due to technical problems.
Nasralla leads the vote after the election
The presidential and congressional elections are being carried out as
planned. Both President Juan Orlando Hernández and main rival Salvador Nasralla
proclaim themselves victors before any results are available. Ten hours after
the closing of the polling stations, when 57 percent of the votes were counted,
the first partial result is presented. Unexpectedly, Nasralla is leading by five
percentage points ahead of Hernández. Accusations of planned election fraud have
already occurred before the election and the situation is now tense.
The opposition threatens boycott
Up to 10,000 members of the opposition alliance (see May 2017)
participate in a protest march before the election. Critics claim that the
operator of the electronic voting system to be used has links to the ruling
Nationalist Party. The opposition threatens to boycott the election result
unless ballot papers are counted manually, even if it takes longer. In addition,
the opposition still believes that President Hernández does not have the right
under the Constitution to stand for re-election (see August 2016).
State actors are singled out for activist murder
An international group of experts accuses state actors (police, military and
others) and executives of the energy company Desa for lying behind the murder of
environmental activist Berta Cáceres (see March 2016). Five
academics and lawyers from the US, Guatemala and Colombia are behind the 92-page
report commissioned by the Copinh organization. The report also accuses Honduran
authorities of failing to investigate the murder.
The President presents a new government program
Ahead of the election, President Hernández presents his plans for a
forthcoming term, with efforts to encourage innovation and entrepreneurship and
to develop the country into a regional hub for transportation and IT companies.
Other priority areas are education and care, security and the fight against
corruption. Hernandez is leading the way in opinion polls ahead of the November
26 presidential election. The PN politician has the support of about 37 percent
of voters, while his main competitors TV star Salvador Nasralla, of a left-wing
populist Anti-Corruption Party (PAC), has 22 percent support and Luis Zelaya of
the Liberal Party has 17 percent.
Former President Lobo's son is sentenced in the United States
Fabio Lobo, son of former President Porfirio Lobo (2009–2014), is sentenced
to 24 years in prison in the United States for involvement in extensive cocaine
smuggling into the United States (see also May 2015).
Large strike against criminal gangs
Police forces in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala carry out joint action
against the criminal gang Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18. Around 1,000
suspected gang members are arrested and a number of properties and vehicles are
seized. According to analysts, the operation may be a result of pressure from US
President Donald Trump who has promised to crush MS-13, which is also operating
in the United States.
Accusations of false electoral lengths
Manuel Zelaya, ex-president and leader of the Libre opposition party, calls
on the Supreme Electoral Court TSE to "clear" electoral lengths to prevent
cheating in the November elections. According to Zelaya, more than 1.8 million
false voters are registered. It is unclear where that figure comes from, but in
May, TSE reported that there were 6.2 million voters in the ballots. This would
mean that over 70 percent of the residents were voters, which is not possible
in a country where more than 40 percent are under the age of 18. Most of the
"fake" voters are believed to be now deceased persons.
Campaign draws attention to violence against women
Members of some 20 women's organizations are campaigning to draw attention to
the violence against women. They say that just in the last two weeks, 18 women
have been murdered. And of the 463 cases of women murder in 2016, only 15 have
been investigated by the police. According to official statistics, published
earlier this week, the number of murders has decreased by 22 percent in 2016, a
figure the women's groups question.
Television journalist Víctor Fúnez is shot to death outside his home in the
town of La Ceiba by an unknown motorcycle perpetrator. Fúnez was a candidate in
the fall parliamentary elections for the Conservative Nationalist Party. He
becomes the 70th journalist murdered in the country since 2003.
Alliance is formed before the election
An opposition alliance is formed before the fall elections, between PAC,
Libre and Pinu. PAC leader Salvardor Nasralla is appointed presidential
candidate, which means Librarian leader Xiomara Castro refrains from running for
office (see March 2017).
Primary elections determine candidates
the 12th of March
When primary elections are held before this fall's election, President
Hernández wins a superior victory in the Nationalist Party and Xiomara Castro
becomes equally convincing candidate for Libre. The Liberal Party appoints Luis
Zelaya as its candidate.
King of drugs points out ex-president
A former drug king in Honduras states before a US court that he paid large
sums in bribes to ex-president Lobo and his son Fabio, to avoid prosecution. The
testimony comes during a trial against Fabio Lobo (see May 2015).
According to drug king Devis Leonel Rivera Madariaga ("Don Leo"), the notorious
cartel Los Cachiros collaborated with several politicians as well as with police
and military in the smuggling of tons of cocaine. Porfirio Lobo rejects the
allegations. Later, Don Leo also points out a brother to the incumbent
president, Tony Hernández, as recipient of bribes.
Contributions to stop migration
Honduras receives $ 125 million to try to prevent illegal migration to the
United States through investment in security and improved living conditions. The
money is part of a regional program (Alliance for Prosperity Plan) where $ 750
million is set aside to reduce illegal migration by addressing underlying
causes. The program, which also includes El Salvador and Guatemala, was launched
during Obama's reign. It is estimated that between 80,000 and 100,000 Hondurans
head north each year to try to get to the United States.
A reporter working for the television company HCH is shot to death by men
wearing police uniforms in northern Honduras. He becomes the 69th media employee
to be murdered in the country since 2003.