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Germany Culture and Mass Media


Regionalism, which is one of the basic features of German history, is clearly evident in cultural life. There is no self-written cultural metropolis, but many cultural centers, which have been built up over the centuries. Nor does the Federal Government pursue any central cultural policy. The Ministry of Culture is only available at the state level.

German music, literature and philosophy have produced a number of significant works that have influenced cultural development in other countries as well. In the late 18th century, famous writers such as Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Friedrich Schiller made the city of Weimar a cultural center. German romance during the first half of the 19th century had its centers in Jena and Heidelberg, from where impulses were sent to the rest of Europe. Among the great poets of the 19th century were Heinrich Heine and at the end of the century Rainer Maria Rilke, who had great influence on modern lyricism. In the early 1900s, Thomas Mann, who was awarded the 1929 Nobel Prize for the novel Buddenbrooks, and Herman Hesse became the big names in Roman art. Author Erich Maria Remarque gave nothing new on the Western Frontan unmistakable depiction of the reality of war. The playwright Bertold Brecht had great success with, among other things, the twelve-part opera. Other known names are Heinrich Böll, Christa Wolf and Günter Grass. Romanian-German author Herta Müller received the Nobel Prize in Literature 2009. In recent years, writers such as Judith Hermann, Daniel Kehlmann, Felicitas Hoppe and Juli Zeh have become popular in Sweden.

  • Countryaah: Latest population statistics of Germany, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.

Adolf Hitler's entry into power in 1933 led to mass exodus of cultural figures from Germany. After the end of the war in 1945, a new generation of West German writers began to settle with their country's past. Among the most famous are Heinrich Böll and Günter Grass, both of whom have received the Nobel Prize for their novels.

  • Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Germany. Artists and albums are also included.

Culture of GermanyGermany has old music traditions that survived into our time, for example Dresdner Staatskapelle from 1548 and Leipzig's Thomask Choir dating back to the 13th century. The classical music tradition is kept alive through annual music festival games, such as the Beethoven-Bach and Mozart weeks as well as the Wagner festival games in Bayreuth. In the early 1900s, composers such as Arnold Schönberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern renewed the classical music tradition through the twelve-tone technique, but this was banned during the Nazi era. After the end of the war, West Germany regained its place as a musical center. In popular music, singer Ute Lemper has become a world name.

After the end of the Second World War, the leading German scenes ended up in East Berlin, including the Deutsches Theater, the Komische Oper, the Volksbühne and the Berlin Ensemble, where Bertolt Brecht was artistic director in 1949-1956. In West Berlin, among others, Deutsche Oper and Schaubühne were set up. When Berlin was reunited in 1989, the city thus received an unusual number of significant cultural institutions.

The GDR government (East Germany) invested great resources on culture but at the same time set tight limits on cultural life. Poets, playwrights, painters and other artists were forced to participate in political propaganda. Several cultural workers chose to leave the GDR. Others wanted to stop and work for greater artistic freedom but were expelled, like the poet Wolf Biermann.

In the German film, well-known works were created already in the 1920s with expressionists such as Robert Wiene and FW Murnau and Fritz Lang, among others, with the dark vision of the future Metropolis. Ernst Lubitsch was known as a director as early as 1922 when he moved to the United States. Leni Riefenstahl's documentary films during the Nazi era were based on a technique and aesthetic that influenced later filmmakers. The film got a new heyday in the 1970s with names such as Werner Herzog, Volker Schlöndorff, Wim Wenders, Margarethe von Trotta and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Among award-winning filmmakers in recent years include Florian Henckel von Donnersmark, Academy Award-winning 2007 for The Life of the Others, and Fatih Akin, Gold Bear Award 2004 for Against the Wall.



Angela Merkel re-elected as party leader

The Christian Democratic CDU Party Congress elects Angela Merkel as party leader with close to 98 percent of delegates' votes. She receives standing ovations as Germany's by far the most popular politician with more popular support than any other Chancellor since World War II.


Clear sign from the Constitutional Court to the ESM

After several weeks of deliberations, the court concludes that the euro zone rescue fund ESM and the EU financial pact do not contravene Germany's constitution. Thousands of Germans had notified the financial pact and crisis fund to the court. However, the Court sets certain conditions, including a ceiling for the size of Germany's contribution which, according to the ruling, may only be exceeded by decision of the Bundestag.


Support for crisis fund and financial pact

The government receives the opposition's support in the Federal Day of the EU Financial Pact and the Eurozone Crisis Fund (ESM), whose approval requires a two-thirds majority. Germany will account for more than a quarter of the ESM, or almost EUR 22 billion in cash, and guarantees of just over EUR 168 billion. In order to support the government, the SPD demands, among other things, that Germany work for growth measures in the EU and a European tax on financial transactions. The left decides to report the financial pact and the crisis fund to the Constitutional Court.



Elections in Saarland

March 25th

In the election to the Saarland state parliament, the FDP resigns and the CDU goes backwards. CDU forms government with SPD. The Pirate Party enters Parliament.

Joachim Gauck is elected new president

March 18th

He gets 991 votes out of 1232 in the vote in the Federal Assembly. The counter candidate is journalist and Nazi reviewer Beate Klarsfeld. The 72-year-old priest Gauck, who was a leading critic of the communist dictatorship in East Germany, enjoys broad support among the people. He has led the investigation into East German security service Stasis's operations.


German support for new grants to Greece

The Bundestag approves the new euro zone support program for Greece. 496 of 591 members vote yes.

Wulff is leaving

February 17th

Following new disclosures about President Wulff's financial affairs, prosecutors are demanding that his legal immunity be revoked. The president's situation becomes untenable and he leaves office. Wulff's departure is a severe political hardship for Merkel, who fought in the headwind for Wulff's candidacy when he was elected.


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