A lot of old cultural patterns still live in
Fiji, despite Western and Christian influence. The
social life of the Fijians is characterized by social
hierarchies based on family and family ties.
Traditional crafts come into use in connection with
festivals and ceremonies, when chiefs, for example, are
"crowned" or married. Then, among other things, "masi"
is made, fabric made from bark from mulberry trees.
Latest population statistics of Fiji, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
The Fijians realize the value of culture for the
tourism industry. Special villages and marketplaces have
been set up to attract tourists with traditional crafts
and dance and music performances.
Among the Indo-Fijians, many Indian customs are still
alive. This applies not least to Hindu traditions, such
as wedding ceremonies and ritual self-talk. The big
Hindu light festival diwali (dipavali) is a holiday in
The written literature gained a boost after the
founding of the first university in 1968, partly through
the writing courses conducted there.
In 2013, the UN agency Unesco awarded Fiji's first
capital Levuka a world heritage site for its
"outstanding example of a Pacific port city of the 19th
century". It was the first time Fiji contributed to the
World Heritage list.
Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Fiji. Artists and albums are also included.
The President remains
Acting President Epeli Nailatikau gets his term
extended by three years.
The former prime minister is sentenced to prison
Elected Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase, who was
deposed in the military coup in 2006, is sentenced to
one year in prison for corruption in the 1990s.
Diplomatic relations are restored
Since Frank Bainimarama, coup maker and
self-proclaimed prime minister, has confirmed plans to
hold elections in 2014, Australia and New Zealand are
restoring their diplomatic relations with Fiji.
The state of emergency is canceled
The Government declares that the emergency permit
introduced in April 2009 will be revoked.
The annual meeting of the Methodist Church is
The government bans the Methodist Church from holding
its annual conference and accuses the church's
leadership of interfering with the country's politics.
The Methodist Church has on several occasions criticized
the military junta who took power in 2006.
Eight men are convicted of attempted murder
Eight men are sentenced to imprisonment for between
three and seven years for attempting to assassinate the
country's leader Frank Bainimarama in 2007. Critics
claim the defendants have not received fair trials.
Fiji is suspended from the Commonwealth
Political developments in the country after the 2006
military coup led to Fiji being expelled from the
Commonwealth, which brings together the United Kingdom
and former British colonies.
The President resigns
President Iloilo resigns and is temporarily replaced
by Vice President Epeli Nailatikau.
New constitution must be written
Fiji's political leader Frank Bainimarama says that
the country will have a new constitution in 2013 and
that elections will be held in 2014. The new
constitution will abolish the ethnically based system
(see Political system).
Fiji is excluded PIF
Fiji is excluded from the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)
following the regime's announcement that the election
will be postponed for several years (see April 2009).
An emergency permit is introduced
President Iloilo repeals the constitution, dismisses
all judges, says elections should not be held until 2014
and before an emergency permit.
The military coup is declared illegal
A court declares the military coup (see December
2006) illegal and requires a new prime minister to be
appointed to announce elections. The self-proclaimed
Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama took power in a
military coup in December 2006.
Requirements for elections before the turn of the
A number of leaders for the countries in Oceania
demand that Fiji hold general elections before the end