In the capital Dili, cultural life has a Western
feel with Portuguese influences. In the countryside, the
pre-colonial cultural traits are strong. A resistance
museum depicting the country's history with emphasis on
the independence struggle was opened in 2005 in Dili.
Within the East Timorese upper class that emerged
during the colonial era, a European lifestyle was
adopted and many within the group are today
Portuguese-speaking people with high positions in
Latest population statistics of East Timor, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
In rural areas, communities are divided into clans,
or large families. A person's social status is
determined by family affiliation. Life is lived in
villages and is governed by the changes of agriculture.
The Atoni people for a secluded existence, mostly in
the central mountain masses. They probably originate
from Aborigines who immigrated from Australia about
14,000 years ago and often live as hunters and
The Indonesian Occupation Force 1975–1999 sought to
adapt the population to Indonesian conditions. The
younger generation, who grew up during the occupation,
usually speak Indonesian and some have educated
themselves on Indonesian islands such as Java. Many of
the characteristic East Timorese houses and cult sites
have been destroyed, not least during the 1999 wave of
A resistance museum depicting the country's history
with emphasis on the independence struggle was opened in
2005 in Dili. The capital received its first cinema in
2013. The same year, East Timor's first feature film,
Beatriz's War, was made by Luigi Acquisto and Bety Reis.
The film portrays a genuine couple's hardships during
the occupation. For East Timor public policy, please
The new government is approved by Parliament
Parliament approves the new government's political program with 36 yes votes
against 25 no.
Taur Matan Ruak becomes new prime minister
President Guterres appoints Taur Matan Ruak as Prime Minister. He will take
up the post on June 22. Ruak has previously been guerrilla leader in Fretilin,
Defense Minister and President, but now leads the Little People's Liberation
Party (PLP), which is close to CNRT. In his new government are representatives
of CNRT, PLP and Khunto.
The opposition wins the new election
The Opposition Tripartite Coalition The Alliance for Change and Development
(AMP) between CNRT, PLP and Khunto wins the new election to Parliament with 49
percent of the vote, or 34 of 65 seats. Fretiline receives 36 percent of the
vote, giving 23 seats. Election Day will be calm even though the election
movement has been fierce and violent, with dozens injured in clashes between
Fretilin and AMP supporters. Among the election issues, the economy has been the
The border crossing at Greater Sunrise is complete
East Timor and Australia sign an agreement at the UN headquarters in New
York, which will resolve the conflict over the boundary at sea between the
countries. East Timor hopes the agreement will lead to an economic upturn, as
offshore gas reserves, in the Greater Sunrise field, can begin to be recovered
once the profit distribution is agreed. These assets have been tied up during
the long dispute with Australia. Greater Sunrise gas is estimated to be worth
between $ 40 billion and $ 50 billion. According to representatives of
Australia, East Timor will receive between 70 and 80 percent of the profits from
New elections will be held in May
President Guterres announces that new elections to Parliament will be held on
May 12, 2018.
New elections are announced
President Guterres dissolves parliament and announces new elections. The
election date must be determined within 30 days. The opposition, primarily the
CNRT, has opposed the Fretilin-led minority government since it took office in
September 2017. Among other things, the government's political program has twice
been rejected by Parliament.