Djibouti has few internationally renowned
writers, musicians and artists. On the other hand, the
country's two large groups of people have long and
arduous traditions of oral storytelling and poetry.
Djibouti's perhaps most famous author is Abdourahman
Waberi (1965–), who writes both lyric and prose in
French. The most famous style of music is balwo, which
comes from Somalia and is mostly about love and romance.
Latest population statistics of Djibouti, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
The Afars' traditional music is reminiscent of the
Ethiopian with elements of Arabic music. Afar's poetry
and stories are musical and emotionally charged. The
Issa people's story has a more religious character.
Chinese naval base inaugurated
China's first military base abroad is inaugurated in Djibouti, a few
kilometers from the US base Camp Lemonnier which has been there since 2002. The
Chinese naval base will provide logistical support to Chinese escort vessels, UN
troops and anti-piracy operations. Through the naval base, Chinese citizens must
also be able to evacuate in crisis situations (see Foreign Policy and Defense).
Djibouti wants the AU's assistance in border disputes
Djibouti wants AU to push out the border between Djibouti and Eritrea in a
way that both countries can accept. Foreign Minister Youssouf says that as long
as there is no clearly marked border, the conflict will lead to continued
tension. He admits that the Eritrean soldiers who entered the disputed border
area in June withdrew the day after.
The UN wants to see a peaceful solution to border conflict
The UN Security Council calls on Djibouti and Eritrea to resolve their border
conflict with peaceful means in accordance with international law principles.
The Security Council supports a proposal from the AU to send an investigation
commission to the disputed border area.
AU appeals for calm at troubled border
17th of June
AU appeals to Djibouti and Eritrea to show restraint since Djibouti accused
Eritrea of bringing in soldiers in the border region of Doumeira, recently
evacuated by a Qatari observer force. Djibouti Foreign Minister Mahmoud Ali
Youssouf says that if Eritrea is looking for a military solution to the
countries' border conflict "then Djibouti is ready". The African Union (AU)
offers to help both countries normalize their relations.
Qatar brings home peacekeeping
The military observer force from Qatar, which since 2010 has guarded the
border between Djibouti and Eritrea (see Foreign Policy and Defense) is
withdrawn. The reason is that both countries stood on Saudi Arabia's side in a
diplomatic conflict between Qatar and Saudi Arabia, among others.
New deep harbor opened
24th of May
A new deep harbor will be opened in Doraleh just outside the capital. The
port, partially funded by a Hong Kong-based company, is said to be one of the
most modern and technologically advanced in the world. It is expected to
strengthen Djibouti's position as a trading center for large parts of East
"The regime increasingly authoritarian"
The International Human Rights Federation (FIDH) requires the release of nine
members of the opposition party MRD. The nine sit detained suspects for "illegal
banking" in connection with a micro-credit program, which has given about 30
people the opportunity to start small businesses. Five of them are also charged
with "illegal political activities". Fidh says the arrests are a sign of the
regime's increasingly authoritarian tendencies.