Newspapers in Denmark
The Danish media landscape has changed at an ever faster pace since the
beginning of the 21st century and follows the same pattern as in other welfare
Above all, it is new technology in the IT sector that has fundamentally
changed media consumption and the business models that have carried the
Internet and mobile telephony
93% of households have access to the internet in their homes and more than
half of the population is browsing the internet using their mobile phones
There are four mobile operators with their own networks, TDC, Telenor,
TeliaSonera and 3. In addition, there are about 20 virtual operators, ie.
companies that provide subscriptions in cooperation with an operator with their
own network. The 3G network covers almost the entire country.
The Danes' surfing behavior is no different from the rest of the Western
world. The most visited sites are Google, Facebook and YouTube. Only two
traditional media are among the ten most visited - the evening newspaper Ekstra
Bladet and Danmarks Radio.
TV and radio
In radio and TV, state-owned and advertising-free DR (formerly Denmark's
Radio) is responsible for the most extensive operations. DR has seven TV
channels and four radio channels. The Danish state also owns TV2, which is
financed with both advertising and licenses.
DR and TV2 have extensive activities on the Internet and also have sites
adapted for touch screen mobiles. In addition, there are a number of cable and
satellite broadcast commercial TV channels as well as about 300 local radio
channels. The radio channels consist of both ad-free local radio and major
Danmarks Radio started radio broadcasting in 1926. A second radio channel was
established in 1951 and a third in 1963. Danmarks Radio began broadcasting daily
television in 1954. Until the mid-1980s, the public service company Danmarks
Radio had a monopoly in radio and television. After experimental activities,
local radio was allowed in 1985 and local television in 1987, with advertising
funding from 1988 and 1989 respectively.
Denmark has 31 paid daily newspapers (5–7 issues per week) and a daily
newspaper (Weekendavisen, 1 issue per week). The total edition was 1.1 million
The number of newspapers is low compared to other Nordic countries when
Denmark suffered a major newspaper death in the 1950s and 1960s.
The newspaper market is dominated by two owners - Berlingske Media and JP /
Berlingske Media, which publishes the morning newspaper Berlingske Tidende
and the evening newspaper Ekstra Bladet, has been owned by the British Mecom
Group since 2006.
JP / politikens Hus was formed in 2003 through a merger of A / S Politiken
and Jyllands-Posten. The Group publishes the morning newspapers Jyllands-Posten,
Politiken and the evening newspaper BT Politiken is Denmark's largest newspaper
with a circulation of about 87,000 (2014).
In Denmark there is also an extensive publication of so-called district
magazines, ie. local magazines that are distributed free of charge to households
each week. Many of these are owned by major newspaper houses. Two multi-day free
magazines, MetroXpress and 24 hours (previously owned by 51% of Metro
International and 2013 sold to the Swiss Tamedia group), are mainly distributed
via public transport.
Above all, it is the paid newspapers 'entire business model that has been
eroded as the Internet has taken over many of the services that have been the
newspapers' traditional sources of revenue.
Subtextual markets for i.a. vehicles, housing and jobs are now found mainly
on the internet, and usually with actors who are independent from the large
media houses. At the same time, circulations have plummeted, from 1.8 million
copies. 1998 to just over 1.1 million ex.. 2014.
In addition, the free magazines have taken an increasing part of the
advertising cake from, above all, the nationwide newspapers Jyllandsposten,
Politiken, Berlingske Tidende, Ekstra Bladet and BT Dagstidningar's responses to
the structural transformation have been mergers, staff cuts, price increases and
own investments on the internet, but this has not been able to compensate. fully
for the large loss of revenue.
Weekly press and magazine
The Danish weekly and magazine press is dominated by three publishers, Aller
Media, Egmont and Bonnier Publications. All three have operations in the other
Newspapers Carl Aller and Egmont H. Petersen are among the pioneers in the
Nordic countries when it comes to publishing weekly magazines. Both established
themselves in the late 19th century in their home market. Aller started in 1877
Illustreret Familie-Journal, which was launched in Sweden in 1879 with the same
title, later changed to Allers. Petersen (then Gutenberghus, later Egmont)
bought Damernes Blad in 1901, which after the change of name became Hjemmet and
was launched in Sweden in 1920 as Hemmets Journal.
The largest in the Danish market today is Aller Media, which publishes Family
Journal, Billed Bladet and Se og Hør and others. Family Journal and Billed
Bladet are Denmark's largest weekly magazines with over 170,000 copies. (2012).
Egmont is the second largest with eg. the big weekly newspapers Hjemmet and Her
Bonnier Publications is a subsidiary of Swedish Bonniers and publishes about
ten niche magazines, including Illustrated Science, Iform and Computer for
everyone. Their magazines are produced in Copenhagen and then translated and
adapted for the Nordic market and in some cases also for other European
countries. The subsidiary Benjamin also publishes about ten specialty magazines,
but mainly for the Danish market.
The Danish weekly and magazine press has, like the Swedish, lost in
circulation in recent years. In 2007, the total edition was 2.9 million copies.
while in 2012 it stood at 2.6 million. Almost the entire reduction is on the
weekly press, while the more niche magazines have performed well, a trend that
can also be seen in the other Nordic countries.
Book and publishing system
The oldest Danish books were printed in 1482 and 1486 under the auspices of
the church. In 1489 Gottfred of Ghemen set up the first printing press in
Copenhagen. Claus Foerd (1511–84) is usually counted as the first Danish
publisher and book printer. He published in 1556 Peder Palladius "Alterbog" and
in 1558 "The New Testament". Censorship and communication difficulties have long
hampered the trade in books. During the 18th century, the subscription system
was developed, thereby guaranteeing the provision. Struense's freedom of the
press of 1770 further facilitated the spread of books.
In 1770, Søren Gyldendal (1742-1802) set up bookstore and became Denmark's
first real publisher. Gyldendal has for a time become the largest publisher in
the Nordic region by acquiring leftovers, reprints and a permanently organized
sales organization. In 1837, the Bookstore Association of Denmark was founded on
the initiative of Gyldendal's successor, Jacob Deichmann. With the advent of
this association, the boundary was more clearly drawn between assortment and
During the 19th century, a number of new publishers arose in Denmark, for
example. Gad, known among others for their dictionaries. When Frederik Vilhelm
Hegel (1817–87) took over the management of Gyldendal's publishing company in
1850, a strong expansion took place, and at his death Gyldendal's had an
absolutely dominant position in the Danish publishing market.
In 1895, The Nordic Publishing House was founded by Ernst Bojesen (1849–1925)
and PG Philipsen (1812–77). By publishing significant multi-band works
(including "The History of Denmark's History"), the magazine Frem, fiction and
school and dictionaries, the publisher soon became Gyldendal's most difficult
competitor. On the initiative of Peter Nansen (1861-1918), Gyldendal's
then-manager, and Philipsen, the two publishers in 1903 were merged into
Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag A / S.
During the first decades of the 20th century, Aschehoug Dansk Forlag Forlag
(2007 merged with Lindhardt & Ringhof), Nyt Nordisk Forlag and Munksgaard were
founded. Since the 1930s, Munksgaard, nowadays within the Gyldendal Group, has
dominated the publication of scientific literature in foreign languages. In
recent decades, Gyldendal has strengthened its dominant position throughout the
entire publishing field. as publisher of The Great Danish Encyclopedia
(1994–2001) and through new publishing acquisitions, e.g. 1999 by the literary
quality publisher Rosinante, founded in 1982. The second largest is Lindhardt &
Ringhof, owned by the media group Egmont. Gyldendal and Egmont are leaders in
the book club site.
According to the Forleggger Association's statistics, total book sales in
2014 amounted to DKK 1.81 billion, where e-books accounted for SEK 258 million.
The number of newly released titles was about 18,000.
The cultural life in Denmark has a diversity
that has been made possible, among other things, thanks
to large contributions from both public bodies and
Museums exist all over the country and attract a
total of 14 million visits a year. The most visited
museums are with an exception in or near Copenhagen. The
flagship is the National Museum with world-class
archaeological and ethnographic collections. Two of the
finest art museums are private, Ny Carlsbergs Glyptotek
and Louisiana, which are the most visited in the
Latest population statistics of Denmark, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
The most prominent Danish writers of all time have
often written with a touch of disrespect, irony and a
certain degree of low-key objectivity. Some examples are
the Danish-Norwegian Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754), who
besides comedies also wrote philosophical and historical
works, the likewise Danish-Norwegian with Bellman
soul-liberated poet Johan Hermann Wessel (1742–1785),
the Yuland folk-life painter, novelist and poet. Steen
Steensen Blicher (1782-1848), the lyricist and physician
Emil Aarestrup (1800-1856), the author of Hans Christian
Andersen (1805-1875), the father of existentialism, the
philosopher Sören Kierkegaard (1813-1855), the novelist
and novelist Herman Bang (1857) –1912) and Henrik
Pontoppidan (1857–1943, Nobel Prize 1917), lyricist and
proseist Johannes V Jensen (1873–1950, Nobel Prize 1944)
and the aristocratic novelist Karen Blixen (1855–1962).
Newer writers include Halfdan Rasmussen with his
extremely popular songs and children's songs, the clever
and popular language artist Benny Andersen, Klaus
Rifbjerg, Suzanne Brøgger, Kirsten Thorup, Ib Michael,
Jens Christian Gröndahl, Helle Helle, Carsten Jensen,
Leif Davidsen, Hanne- Vibeke Holst, crime writer Jussi
Adler-Olsen and poet Yaya Hassan.
Denmark has a diverse theater and musical life,
including a well-rooted jazz tradition since the 1940s.
A large new opera house was opened in Copenhagen in
2005, and the national stage The Royal Theater received
a new stage in 2008. The following year a large concert
hall was opened.
The most significant classical composers are D
Buxtehude (1637–1707), CEF Weyse (1774–1842), F Kuhlau
(1786–1832), JPE Hartmann (1805–1900) and NW Gade
(1817–1890), and not least Carl Nielsen (1865-1931)
whose symphonies, concerts, chamber and piano music and
numerous folk songs still represent the most significant
contribution to Danish music life.
The great, classic director of Danish film is Carl
Theodor Dreyer (1889–1968), but also in recent years,
Danish film has flourished with directors such as the
Oscar-winning Gabriel Axel, Bille August and Susanne
Bier, the Gold Palm winner Lars von Trier, Thomas
Vinterberg, Per Fly, Nils Malmros, Lone Scherfig, Niels
Arden Oplev, Nikolaj Arcel, Henrik Ruben Genz and Simon
Danish visual art flourished during the first half of
the 19th century (the "golden age") with sculptor Bertel
Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) and painters CW Eckersberg
(1783-1853) and Christian Kjøke (1810-1848) as the
biggest names. At the end of the 19th century, a number
of excellent painters began to gather in Skagen for
mutual inspiration with Anna and Michael Ancher and PS
Krøyer as central figures. However, their contemporary
Vilhelm Hammershøi (1864–1916), JF Willumsen (1863–1958)
and LA Ring (1854–1933) were probably the greatest and
most original painters of the period, while the graphic
artists and painter Johannes Larsen (1867–1961) became
known and loved for their book illustrations. From the
middle of the 20th century, the so-called Cobra group
with abstract painters, with Asger Jorn (1914–1973) in
particular, can be highlighted. Among contemporary
artists, sculptor Jørgen Haugen-Sørensen stands out,
Danish architecture and design in furniture art,
silversmithing, porcelain, ceramics, fashion and
designed industrial products (Georg Jensen, Arne
Jacobsen, Lego and Bang & Olufsen) have won
international reputation. For Denmark public policy,
Conservative People's Party replaces leaders
Conservative People's Party leader Bendt Bendtsen resigns and is replaced by
Lene Espersen, who also replaces him in the post of finance minister.
Requirements for family immigration are mitigated after EC verdict
The European Court of Justice states that Denmark's requirements for family
immigration violate EU rules on free movement of labor, including the age limit
of 24 years. The Danish People's Party demands that the government disregard the
court's ruling, but the party bends and supports the government's proposal to
allow family immigration even for persons under the age of 24.
Attempt to murder satire signers is averted
The security police seize two Tunisians and a Moroccan with a Danish
passport, suspected of planning to murder cartoonist Kurt Westergaard, who made
the most contentious caricature of Prophet Muhammad in the Jutland Post in 2005
(see Modern History).