Despite the multicultural impact that Cyprus
has been exposed to for hundreds of years, the island's
culture has remained largely Greek. The many foreign
powers that ruled the island did not have the ultimate
goal of incorporating it into their kingdoms, but Cyprus
always fell into the hands of the power that was
dominant in the eastern Mediterranean.
Under the Turkish rule of 1570-1878, the Christian
Greek Cypriots were allowed to practice their religion
and culture as long as their leaders ensured that taxes
were collected for the Sultan. By contrast, Turkish
immigration during the Ottoman period meant that another
culture was established on the island - a culture that
for more than 400 years lived on parallel to the Greek
No merger has ever been close. Against each other,
Greek and Turkish Cypriots have always emphasized the
cultural links with the modernizations Greece and
Turkey. But against the foreign occupation powers in
Constantinople and then London, both groups identified
themselves mainly as Cypriots.
Latest population statistics of Cyprus, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
Cypriot modern culture, such as literature and music,
has always tended to fall into the shadow of what is
produced in Greece, and to some extent Turkey. One of
Greece's top film directors, Michael Cacoyannis (Michalis
Kakogiannis), was born in Cyprus but spent his entire
career in Greece. The Cypriot film production is very
Vasilis Michailidis (1849-1917) is usually regarded
as the national call of Cyprus. He wrote, among other
things, in the form of Greek called kypriaka, "Cypriot
dialect". Among contemporary Cypriot writers are the
poet and the essayist Kiriakos Charalambidis.
Songaah: List and lyrics of songs related to the country name of Cyprus. Artists and albums are also included.
"Reunion in 2016"
A few days before the Christmas holidays, the Greek and Turkish Cypriot
presidents in a joint communique express hopes that both parts of the island
will be able to reunite in 2016.
Success in the negotiations
UN envoy Espen Barth Eide says that Cyprus leaders have come so far in
negotiations that they now have good hope that remaining issues can be resolved
"in the near future". Remaining to be resolved, however, are the most pressing
issues, such as the delineation of Greek and Turkish territories, the division
of power at the federal level and property rights.
Suspected mass graves should be opened
The Turkish government agrees that excavations may be carried out in 30
suspected mass graves in military territory in northern Cyprus. The question of
the fate of missing persons is one of the most difficult in the ongoing
negotiations for a possible reunification.
Praise from the IMF
The IMF loan agency gives the Cypriot government good grades for its way of
implementing the reforms required by the 2013 emergency loans. According to the
IMF, the government has also significantly reduced its economic dependence on
Greece and thus reduced the risk of being included in continued Greek problems.
Collection in support of reconciliation talks
For the first time, the political leaders of both parts of the island are
gathering together with leaders of all major religious communities, both
Christian and Muslim, to jointly express their support for the UN-mediated talks
on the reunification of Cyprus.
The church must sell property
The head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church, Archbishop Chrysostomos, says the
church must sell assets to repay debts to banks of EUR 100 million. The church
is the country's largest landowner and has interests in large parts of the
business community, but attracted large debts through extensive investments in
the later crisis-hit banking sector.
New government is formed in the north
Ömer Kalyoncu from CTP forms a new Turkish Cypriot government together with
The government in the north resigns
The Turkish Cypriot government under Özkan Yorgancıoğlu resigns after Mehmet
Ali Talat was elected leader of the left-wing CTP.
Reconciliation talks resume
Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders agree to resume UN-mediated peace talks. At
the first meeting, Akıncı promises to abolish the visa requirement for visiting
Greek Cypriots, while Anastasiadis submits detailed maps of minefields that the
Greek Cypriots laid out before 1974 on what is now Turkish Cypriot land. "They
share the same vision of a united Cyprus," says UN mediator Espen Barth Eide.
Leftist politicians become new president in the north
In the presidential election in Northern Cyprus on April 19, President Eroğlu
will receive 29 percent of the vote and will face a second round of Mustafa
Akıncı, who received 27 percent. In the crucial election, the independent
left-wing politician Akıncı wins with 60 percent of the vote. The 67-year-old
Akıncı says he is going to take a lot of effort to try to contribute to a peace
agreement. Cyprus's internationally recognized President Anastasiadis welcomes
the election results.
The law on overdue debt is adopted again
Parliament for the second time adopts a law to facilitate banks to recover
overdue debts. The new law is adopted with the support of both the right-wing
parties Disy and Diko as well as socialist Edek.
Russian warships may enter the ports of Cyprus
Cyprus signs an agreement with Russia that gives Russian warships the right
to call Cypriot ports. President Putin says that the vessels that are most
current are used in international efforts against terrorism and piracy and
"therefore need not worry". Within the EU, there is concern that Russia is
trying to forge closer contacts with certain Member States to weaken the Union's
policy towards Russia. Cyprus says that Russian ships have always had the
opportunity to enter Cypriot ports but that it has never been formally attached
Ex-minister receives 15 years in prison in Greece
Former Interior Minister Dinos Michailidis and his son Michalis are both
sentenced to 15 years in prison for money laundering in Greece for helping a
prominent Greek politician receive millions of euros in bribes for arms deals.
Both were extradited to Greece in 2013.
Cyprus Airways is closed down
State-owned Cyprus Airways is forced to close down operations following an
order from the European Commission to repay more than € 65 million which the
company received in state aid in violation of EU rules. The regulations allow
state aid to bankrupt companies once, but Cyprus Airways must have received
state money on several occasions over a number of years.