List of Republic of Congo Newspapers

Home > Croatia

Croatia Culture and Mass Media


Croatian culture has been influenced by the powers that have ruled parts of the country over the centuries - Austria, Hungary and Italy. With the so-called Illyrian movement in the 19th century a uniform Croatian literature emerged. The aim of the movement was to create a united South Slavic kingdom with a common culture.

Until the First World War, modern Croatian literature emerged with authors such as Antun Gustav Matoš and the symbolist poet Vladimir Vidrić. From the outbreak of war in 1914 and until his death in 1981, Miroslav Krleža, with his often socially critical authorship, was a dominant figure. Writers who were noted after the 1991 dissolution of Yugoslavia include Vjekoslav Kaleb, Petar Šegedin and poet Jure Kaštelan. A number of writers who took a stand on Croatia's politics during the wars of the 1990s were forced to leave the country. This includes Slavenka Drakulić, known for his book Balkan Express, which deals with the wars of the former Yugoslavia. The same theme concerns Dubravka Ugrešić in the Museum of the Unconditional Surrender.

  • Countryaah: Latest population statistics of Croatia, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.

The naive peasant painting, often on glass, has gained international attention. Since the 1930s, artists from the so-called Hlebine school, such as Ivan Generalić, have portrayed everyday life in the Croatian countryside.

Culture of Croatia2017


Near confrontation in Piran Bay

December 30

Slovenian police boats patrol the Gulf of Piran, and thus act in accordance with the arbitration dispute with Croatia, which would come into force the day before (see June 2017). According to the judgment, Slovenia considers itself entitled to reject Croatian fishing boats - but they are protected by Croatian police boats. The Slovenes threaten to fine the Croats, but these do not consider the arbitration to be legitimate. Slovenia has threatened to block Croatia's entry into the EU passport Schengen as long as Zagreb refuses to follow the verdict.


New diplomatic quarrel between Serbia and Croatia

October 4th

A summit scheduled to be held in Zagreb in October-November between the Presidents of Croatia and Serbia, Kolinda Grabar Kitarović and Aleksandar Vučić, has been postponed indefinitely. The reason is the statue of the Major of the then Yugoslav People's Army, Milan Tepić, unveiled on September 29 in Belgrade. Rather than surrender to Croatian troops during the 1991 war, Tepić let a Yugoslav weapons depot in the city of Bjelovar, Croatia, blow up in the air, killing himself and 12 other soldiers and threatening many civilian lives. The Croatian Foreign Ministry reacted with an upset note, accusing Serbia that the country "is still not ready to settle its role in the bloody collapse of Yugoslavia"; Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dačić responded by calling this "anti-Serbian hysteria".


Bridges with Bosnia and Herzegovina

August 31st

Prime Minister Andrej Plenković explains that Croatia intends to continue construction of the Pelješac Bridge, which will facilitate relations between the country's southern and northern parts, despite objections from Bosnia-Herzegovina. The neighboring country had the day before sent a letter of protest to both Croatia and the EU, claiming that it must first resolve remaining border issues between the countries. Thus, new life is brought to life in what has been a matter of dispute between them ever since the bridge construction began in 2007. Bosnia has always maintained that the Pelješac bridge would make it difficult for ships to enter Neum, the country's only port.

Trade war averted

August 11th

After the Croatian government withdrew a decision to increase customs controls on imports of fruit and vegetables from neighboring countries by more than 200 percent, a trade war in the Balkans could be averted. This happened after the trade ministers from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia after a Sarajevo meeting submitted a joint written protest to both Croatia and the European Commission.


Severe forest fires

July 17

Prolonged heat and drought cause severe forest fires to erupt in several directions and threaten resorts along the Adriatic coast. The worst affected area around the country's second largest city, Split, where many are without electricity and water. Residents are forced to keep doors and windows closed so as not to let in smoke and several villages have been evacuated.


Statement in boundary dispute

June 29

The Permanent Arbitration Tribunal (PCA) in The Hague comes with its opinion in the protracted dispute over how the sea border should be drawn in the Piran Gulf between Slovenia and Croatia (see Foreign Policy and Defense). The Court is largely on Slovenia's line. However, Croatia has understood that it will not accept the court's ruling after it has emerged that Slovenia previously had unauthorized talks with one of the judges in the court. Croatia has made it clear that it wants to continue negotiating on its own with Slovenia. The EU has called on both parties to accept the ruling.

New government is formed

June 9

HDZ forms a new government with the small Liberal Democratic Party HNS, which was previously part of the alliance led by the Social Democratic SDP. Seven new ministers are appointed, two of whom belong to HNS.


Disbelief against the Minister of Finance

May 4th

Finance Minister Zdravko Marić manages with hardly any margin of confidence in the opposition brought by the opposition accusing him of a severe debt crisis in the grocery group Agrokor. Before entering politics, Marić held a high position in Agrokor, a company that accounts for 15 percent of the country's GDP.


The government is cracking down

April 28

The government is definitely collapsing when Prime Minister Plenković dismisses the fourth and final minister of the coalition partner Most. The other three Most Ministers were allowed to leave the day before, after unexpectedly announcing their intention to support a declaration of confidence in Finance Minister Zdravko Marić.

Sanader sentenced to prison

April 7

Former Prime Minister Ivo Sanader is sentenced to four and a half years in prison for receiving bribes in connection with a real estate deal in 2009. Since the penalty is less than five years, Sanader does not have to start serving it until the verdict has been set in a higher court. Sanader, who was head of government in 2003-2009, denies all charges (see also October 2015 and June 2016).


Copyright 2020 List of U.S. Newspapers