The Cape Verdean culture has flourished since
independence in 1975. Before that, the Portuguese
colonial power prevented the emergence of a native
culture. Among other things, some kind of music was
forbidden, because the Catholic Church perceived it as
"the devil's music".
Today's Cape Verde musical styles are characterized
by mixtures of mainly Portuguese, African and Brazilian
rhythms and elements. For example, the mothers ("Cape
Verdean blues") have been influenced by Portuguese fado,
Brazilian modinha, Argentine tango and Angolan tongues.
Other well-known music styles are bataque, funaná and
coladeira. Funaná has strong African features and is
often sung to accordion and ferro, an iron bar with
notches over which another iron stick is drawn.
Coladeira is dance music with Caribbean, sambal-like
Latest population statistics of Cape Verde, including religious profiles and major languages spoken as well as population growth rates in next three decades.
The Cape Verde singer, "barefoot diva" Cesária Évora
(1941–2011), reached world renown. Other popular artists
are Suzanna Lubrano, Alberto "Beto" Dias and Ildo Lobo
The country's literature had a flourishing period
during the 1920s and 1930s with authors such as Eugénio
Tavares, Pedro Cardoso, Jorge Barbosa, all of whom wrote
in the Creole language crioulo. This was a way for them
to mark their opposition to the colonial rulers. Among
the most prominent writers of the day are Manuel Veiga,
Valentinous Velhinho Rodrigues, Dina Salústio and
Freedom of the press and opinion is
guaranteed in Cape Verde's constitution and the
country's media can act freely from government
interference. The debate climate is open and the media
has good dissemination among the residents. A certain
degree of self-censorship is believed to be exercised by
journalists in some state-owned media.
At the Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index,
Cape Verde 2018 ranked 29th among 180 countries. It was
the third best ranking for an African country (only
Namibia, Ghana and South Africa got a higher ranking).
The independent weekly Expresso das Ilhas was founded
in 2001 by the bourgeois party MPD (see Political
system). A Semana, which is supposed to be politically
unbound but considered to be close to the Social
Democratic Party PAICV, also comes out once a week. A
third weekly magazine is the independent A Naҫão. There
are also several monthly newspapers in the country.
Until 1991, the Catholic monthly newspaper Terra Nova
was the only regime-critical newspaper.
The state radio and television company Rádio
Televisão Caboverdiana (RTC) is occasionally accused of
lack of objectivity. RTC broadcasts in Portuguese and
crioulo. Since 1998, there are also several private
radio stations. The Cape Verde can also watch broadcasts
from several foreign TV channels.
Broadband expansion is underway and access to the
Internet is increasing. There are internet cafes in most
major cities. Many magazines have their own websites on
the internet, where foreign residents can cut off the
value of what is happening in the home country. There
are a number of online magazines, such as Visão News (www.visaonews.com)
based in the United States and the news site Cabonet (www.cabonet.org).
FACTS - MASS MEDIA
Percentage of the population using the
58 percent (2018)
Number of mobile subscriptions per 100
Cape Verde becomes a WTO member
The country is approved for membership in the World Trade Organization. Six
months later, Cape Verde becomes a formal member of the organization.
A special partnership is signed with the EU
Cape Verde signs an agreement with the EU on special partnerships, which
means closer cooperation in, for example, security issues, regional integration
and poverty reduction.