With a few exceptions, the daily press in the US has been in an accelerating crisis in recent years. Heavily falling editions and advertising revenue have resulted in closed newspapers and bankruptcies. Attempts at solutions have been cuts, mergers and reduced release rates. In 2013, there were approximately 1,350 daily newspapers in the United States, which was just over a hundred fewer than in 2002.
Mass Media in the World Country by Country
Investments on the Internet have not met expectations and in no way compensate for the reduced advertising revenue for the printed products. In 2011, the industry increased its online advertising revenues by just over $ 200 million, while print advertising revenues decreased by $ 2 billion, compared to 2010.
Many analysts see the development as a major problem of democracy. When the editors are cut down and more and more major cities lack a daily newspaper, the monitoring of political power decreases.
Some attempts have been made with so-called paywalls for the newspapers’ websites, but no standard has been set yet. One model has been successfully tested by the New York Times, the country’s third largest daily newspaper with a circulation of just over 1 million copies. (2012). It means that a certain number of articles can be read for free for a month and if you want to read more you have to buy a digital subscription. The fact that the model works for the New York Times is because there is a large readership outside the US, but with a few exceptions, all the country’s newspapers are local or regional and the average editions are below 40,000 copies.
The United States’ largest daily, the Wall Street Journal, has also been successful with its digital strategy. The magazine has over 2 million in circulation, of which over half a million subscribers to the digital edition.
The newspapers have played an important role in the development of society in the United States. Because the press, as well as radio and TV, has mainly developed independently of state power and parties, it has early taken the place as “third state power”. The Watergate business 1972–74 is a good example of abusive circumstances revealed through investigative journalism. It began with articles in the Washington Post by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward and ended with President Nixon’s departure.
Another journalistic approach is summarized in the concept of new journalism, which was coined in the 1960s. It refers to a more literary form of journalism. advanced interview technique tries to reconstruct an event. Journalists such as Hunter S. Thompson and Jimmy Breslin have formed schools far beyond the US borders.
The first newspapers in North America began to be published around 1700 and usually had European role models, for example. The Pennsylvania Gazette, published by Benjamin Franklin. The press was later an important player in the struggle for independence from the English colonial power. After the revolution, the magazines developed qualitatively, and the majority joined some party. Freedom of the press was guaranteed in the first constitutional supplement in 1791. The number of newspapers increased sharply, and at the time of the civil war there were about 4,000 local and regional newspapers.
A new phase in US press history began in 1833 with the founding of the New York Sun, the first pen magazine. It was cheaper than its predecessors and was sold by newspaper boys on the streets. In terms of content, it prioritized lighter articles in various subjects: local news, crime and entertainment material. Followers were The New York Herald (1835), which under JG Bennett further changed journalism. Other important newspapers founded at this time were the Baltimore Sun (1837), the New York Tribune (1841) and the New York Times (1851). During the 1880s, competition in the newspaper market increased through the advent of the sensation newspapers, the so-called yellow press. In WR Hearst’s New York World and Joseph Pulitzer’s Journal-American, sex, crimes and disclosures dominated the privacy of individuals. Hearst and Pulitzer also acquired rural newspapers and laid the foundation for large newspaper chains. The owners conducted active journalism and ran domestic and foreign policy campaigns.
The press gradually concentrated during the 20th century, including the local, to major newspaper chains such as Knight-Ridder, Times Mirror, Thomson Newspapers and Gannett. Of these, only Gannett remains and the company is the United States’ largest newspaper publisher. Among other things, it publishes the country’s third largest daily newspaper, USA Today, with a circulation of over 1.7 million copies. (2012).
The large quality newspapers in the United States play a crucial role in politics and public debate, although they have relatively limited distribution. A number of columnists, whose articles are published in various newspapers across the country (so-called syndication), are of great importance for the political conversation.
The first news agency, the Associated Press (AP), was founded in 1846 by a number of newspapers and is one of the leading in the world with over 3,700 employees and over 300 local offices around the world.
We provide state by state lists of newspapers in the United States, covering website URL, city and address. In total, there are 3,328 Newspapers in the U.S.. To find newspapers in your area, just click the links below.
Known as the greatest power in the world, the United States boasts the first position when it comes to Gross Domestic Product, which represents the sum of all goods produced in the country over a period. The country has a GDP of US $ 19.39 trillion , according to the International Monetary Fund, ahead of countries like China and Japan. The economy in 2018 grew 2.9% compared to the previous year.
The American economy is based on the agricultural, industrial and service sectors. In agriculture, the production of corn, soy and cotton stands out, with the use of high technologies. In the industrial sector, the production of machines, electronics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and automobiles stands out. The services sector contributes to more than three quarters of GDP.
It is also important to highlight oil production in the country, as well as natural gas. In 2019 oil production broke a record, according to the United States Federal Energy Agency, reaching 470.6 million barrels.
Oil is one of the most exported products by the United States. According to the Economic Complexity Observatory, the United States is the third largest export economy among all countries. In 2017, US $ 1.25 trillion of products and service was exported. The main products exported to countries such as China, Mexico, Canada and Japan were:
- refined oil
- planes, cars and helicopters
- packaged medicines
Regarding imports, the country imported US $ 2.16 trillion in 2017. The goods and services basically came from the same countries to which it exported. The main imports were:
- petroleum crude;
- transmission equipment;
- digital disk drives;
- vehicle parts.
- Newspaper abbreviation – covers acronyms of newspaper around the world: https://www.abbreviationfinder.org/newspaper-abbreviations-list/
- Newspaper wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newspaper
- United States Guides: https://www.countryaah.com/united-states/
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