Original text: Photography Basics
Understand lighting is perhaps the most important part of photography. Today almost every DSLR – and the common digital comes with a built-in flash. Unfortunately, these devices can produce pictures surprisingly extravagant … whereas they should be there to help you.There are several types of flash drives that you can – and should dominate to get the best possible images in virtually any lighting condition. How about we take a look?
1-inline or embedded Flash
The embedded or incorporated into camera flashes are built via a2zcamerablog within the main body of hers. They are on the same axis as the lens, so when you shoot these drives, the lights in one direction-directly on the subject. This is often problematic, because the light on the shaft creates hard contrasts and shadows rude, not to mention make the background stay overly dark. We’ve all seen this problem in pictures, generally those that our friends take at night, or in clubs and parties.You can avoid this unpleasant effect, balancing the flash with ambient light from the scene. To do this, measure the scene – no flash – and then flip it over to take the picture.
2. Dedicated Flash
The dedicated flash is a unit that fits on the hot shoe of the camera – where there’s a crack in the upper part of her body. This flash is a big part of a mechanism that communicates with the camera. Together, they obtain information on the use of the length of the lens, ISO sensitivity, the opening (f), and shutter speed, to determine the ideal light that must be issued. This device is preferable to inline or embedded flash for many reasons, but one of the best is that you can avoid red eyes doubling it and passing the light on the subject. In addition, many dedicated flashes have a pre-Flash, causing the pupils of your object to constrict, and avoiding the red eyes. He is also a much better tool than the built in flash because of the versatility it provides. Even more versatile will be, if he comes with a cable, allowing you to separate the flash unit and position it at any angle for the best picture possible … and believe me, you will be impressed with the freedom.
3. macro ring Flash
A ring flash fits on the lens, adjusting it on the threads. It provides a source of soft, diffused light that is ideal for macro photography. The fragile parameters of a macro prevents the use of the built-in flash, and a dedicated flash unit does not have the capacity required direction to illuminate properly that kind of subject. The ring flash lets start as close as possible to your issue-focus, and light with a light source, which does not create the hard contrast or shadows. Instead, you will have a soft and uniform illumination to accentuate the details.
4. hammer head Flash
A flash ‘ hammerhead ‘ – or external flash, is a separate unit and is not connected to the shoe, is screwed to the tripod. It is next to the camera and off axis just enough to reduce the red-eye effect in your business. This is one of the favorite press unit and wedding photographers, because it has a high light output, and provides a better angle and grip than other types of flashes.
5. Fill Flash
Fill flash is not a separate unit, but rather a technique used when the background is much brighter than your subject; or the lighting is such that you have high levels of contrast on the object. As the name suggests, you can use it to add fill light to the subject and record a more satisfying exhibition. This is useful when the ambient lighting does not favor, and usually results in some level of silhouette. You must turn on the flash when it is in the external area, and measure the key part of what you want to photograph that appears under “shadow” in comparison with the rest of the scene. So the image will be more balanced and pleasing.
6. Bounced flash (bounce Flash)
The bounce flash is also a technique, not a unit – known by the English name ‘ bounce flash ‘. You have images more aesthetically pleasing when rebate the light onto a surface to illuminate the subject, instead of using direct lighting that gets most of the flashes. It takes a dedicated flash unit to throw light on the ceiling or on a wall nearby.This technique opens a whole new world of excellent photos, especially if the flash is attached to the camera with a cable.
There are many different ways to obtain additional lighting with multiple flash units. The real trick to use them effectively, is to understand the parameters that flash can do, understand the dynamics of the lighting situation where you are, and then use the creativity! Each of the special flash units work well with that for which it was designed, and will improve enormously your photographs, mainly with the practice.
Note from Simxer:
- inline or embedded Flash
I always say it’s a waste these built-in flashes, especially in DSRLs because they tend to be very bad, it is far more interesting you find mastering the techniques of photometry manual and avoid using them to the maximum.
Oh, there’s no way, so improvise a diffuser (Bounce), serves Crystal plastic, napkin, white sheet of paper, among others, the internet is full of tips on how to improvise a diffuser for pop-up flash, but you still have the option to purchase on the open market and also in Bananafoto, search for “pop-up Flash Diffuser Kit”.
- dedicated Flash and 6. Bounce Flash
Is a constant doubt of my students and legitimate, but that shouldn’t haunt them both. Most external flashes TTL technology, that is, when you shoot, he makes a calculation on top of your Aperture, iso speed, distance and automatically determines how much light you need for that picture out lit correctly.
The only thing you will be able to make photos exceptionally better than the ones made with built-in flashes.
In a few moments you will use it in manual mode but the field of photometry is still in first place.
Oh, and here also the maximum diffuser Valley, some have come with them, but are very simple, it is always better to buy a pro flash template that you are using, they are not universal.
Particularly I use this template:
But the best result I got was this:
- Fill Flash
This is a very good technique to make external photos, flash can and should be used for pictures in the Sun, especially those with TTL technology, since they will give smoothness to the shadows.
At night you can even with lighter lenses do not use flash, or use very little, but for the day, batting and flashes will allow a better result.
The important thing is to train, test different techniques, knowledge of your equipment to understand how to achieve best results with what you have!
* All articles of Photo Tips Brazil, are original and exclusive! But every once in a while I run into great texts on photography by internet, texts that I wish I had written, so I opened this session for the translation of texts, and sometimes more than an adaptation to our reality, but will always be highlighted when I do this, and you will always have the option to view the article in the original with all due credit to the author.
Hope you like it!