The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy favour the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. This phenomenon caused by elevated levels of progesterone and estrogen has different consequences in the tonality of the skin of the woman, always they are harmless and disappear after childbirth.
Pigmentation or discoloration of the skin are very common during pregnancy: 90% of women have some spots on the face or body, especially after the first quarter. Skin darkening occurs in different parts of our skin.
- In the breasts It produces progressive darkening of the areolas and nipples.
- The darkening of the alba line, a line which extends from the pubis to the navel and suffering a hyper pigmentation during pregnancy, becoming a nigra line. It tends to be more visible in the dark-skinned women.
- In the face gestational Chloasma, i.e. the emergence of irregular dark spots in certain areas of the face as the forehead, cheeks and upper fringe of the mouth, as well as the neck is common. These spots are the most persistent after the pregnancy on many occasions. Aesthetic treatments to eliminate them, but only after delivery, may be used products may be hazardous to the health of the fetus and are contraindicated during pregnancy.
- Anywhere in the body, freckles, marks and scars were present in the skin before pregnancy also may suffer a darkening.
The protection from the blazing sun by applying a sunscreen appropriate to our skin tone can prevent the onset of certain type of gestational spots, especially the neck and face. Others, such as the alba line, manifested in all women but in some it can go virtually unnoticed due to the natural pigmentation of your skin.