Bike Competition is almost as long as the bike. In fact, the original use of the sport the only one that was made with bikes. This applied both to balance bikes and bike for the first phase, velocipeden. Therefore, you the origins of cycling, both on the track and on the road, can hardly describe without involving the development of the bicycle. These two stories are interwoven. Article arrangement:

  • The combined cycle history and cycling
  • Invention of the cycle
  • Biking on the handcar
  • Competitions on balance bike
  • The velocipeden, the first step cycling
  • Track races at velocipeden
  • Vägraces on velocipeden
  • Future

The combined cycle history and cycling

Early in the 19th century, where the bike was invented and provisionally found that only suitable as a sporting activity. It is quite understandable when you look at the oldest types of bicycles; It asked a lot of strength and skill to drive your success on it. It was most people not given. But for a trained athlete bicycle was just an interesting challenge because in these days, in spite of all the shortcomings, was the fastest way to transport out. At the turn of the century the first motorized transport would change that, but most of the 19th century, the bicycle Kingdom still alone.

Invention of the cycle

The first real, recognised as such, cycling was constructed in 1816 by the German Karl von Drais. It was a balance bike, which later was called “handcar” to their creators.
The idea behind the current cycle was not entirely new, but revolutionary. It was in fact the very vehicles that had two wheels one behind the other in the above instead of two or more contiguously located wheel. It was believed that contiguously located wheel was inevitable to ensure stability. It turned out to be wrong.
Von Drais invented the two rear wheel separated, but was the first who understood that they would be able to reduce air resistance. It was then difficult to go on, even without the help of draught animals.

Therefore, he went to work with the idea and came up with a design that was a significant improvement over the previous, rudimentary executed slingcykel. It came in large part to his bike made controllable by mounting a on front wheel wonderful workshop stool with handles. He also confirmed the first saddle and an armrest on the bar between the wheels.

In the following years, there are still many improvements can be made to the handcar, Von Drais both by itself and by other contsructeurs. The latter lived especially in England and France, where the bike initially would hit most.

Biking on the handcar

Way you handcar can best red through your feet to place the switch on the ground, in a manner similar to ice skating. The speed with which one could reach the heavily depended on the driver as natural and appropriate.Rising and bad roads, wind and rain threw the sticks to an even greater extent than in the modern cyclist’s case. With dry weather in a reasonable manner with necessary equipment like a cycling water bottle, on the other hand, the Stagecoach was defenseless against the handcar. And while a log, was framed vehicles weighed 25 kilograms and had wheels on wheels.

Von Drais himself would have little success in bringing to the man off his bike, but British wheel maker Denis Johnson succeeded in significantly better. He bought a license from Von Drais, whereupon he improved management and more iron is introduced into the model. It was not his main merit.

Johnson got the idea to promote the sale of his “hobby horse” or “dandy horse” with a driving school to focus on. Fans could four-wheel drive sport that learn from experienced instructors. In 1819, just three years after the invention of the cycle, “was Johnson’s Pedestrian hobby-horse riding school in London for a fact. Probably, this was the first bicycle school in the world but it is not secure.
What is certain is that Johnson’s school was an immediate success. Soon he had to open a second school to meet demand.